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After intracerebral or intralumbar inoculation of mouse hepatitis virus, JHM strain, into weanling mice, viral growth and lesions in the central nervous system were comparatively studied for 5 days postinoculation. In the intralumbar group the virus titer of the spinal cord exceeded that of the brain until 24 hr postinoculation, and declined later. In the(More)
An experimental model of nonbacteremic pneumonia with a virulent strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was successfully established in guinea pigs immuno-suppressed with cortisone acetate although the organisms were eliminated rapidly from the lungs without cortisone treatment. Using a pocket nebulizer, almost all the animals which received 10(6)(More)
Leptospiral lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) extracted from Leptospira interrogans serovar copenhageni virulent strain Shibaura, serovar canicola virulent strain Moulton, and serovar hebdomadis strain Hebdomadis, were tested for their ability to induce platelet aggregation and/or lysis in rabbit platelet-rich plasma (PRP). All showed positive reactions with a(More)
The mode of action of malotilate in normalizing serum cholesterol in hypocholesterolemic rats with fatty liver was examined by determination of biosynthesis, catabolism and excretion of cholesterol. Fatty liver was produced by subcutaneous injection of CCl4 at the dose of 1 ml/kg into male rats (SLC-SD) twice a week for 3 weeks. Daily administration of(More)
The effects of staphylococcal enterotoxins A, B, and C2 (SEA, SEB, and SEC2) on the resistance of mice to microbial infections were studied. SEA stimulated the resistance strongly, whereas SEB and SEC2 had no such effect. Treatment with SEA increased the number of peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes significantly within 4 h, and these(More)
Transplacental infection with mouse hepatitis virus, JHM strain was studied by intravenous inoculation of pregnant dams. Inoculation on day 9 or 12 of gestation brought about the death of more than 50% of the fetuses at 4 days postinfection while inoculation on day 6 or 15 of gestation effected the death of 12% of fetuses or neonates. Inoculation of day 12(More)
Ofloxacin, a new pyridone-carboxylic acid derivative, was evaluated in descending nephritis and subcutaneous abscess models with Staphylococcus aureus in mice in comparison with norfloxacin. Descending nephritis was produced by intravenous injection of S. aureus 39 (MIC 0.78 microgram/ml for ofloxacin and 3.13 micrograms/ml for norfloxacin). Subcutaneous(More)