Kenji Kagawa

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Tuberous sclerosis complex is commonly associated with medically intractable seizures. We previously demonstrated that high uptake of alpha-[11C]methyl-L-tryptophan (AMT) on positron emission tomography (PET) occurs in a subset of epileptogenic tubers consistent with the location of seizure focus. In the present study, we analyzed the surgical outcome of(More)
Using an in vivo microdialysis method, we measured the release of histamine in the anterior hypothalamic area (AHy) of rats under several concentrations of halothane anesthesia (1, 0.5, and 0.2%). The release of histamine increased to 341 and 325% at halothane concentrations of 0.5 and 0.2%, compared with the basal level at anesthesia induced by 1%(More)
The progressive nature of Sturge-Weber syndrome is well known, but the mechanisms of focal cortical and subcortical degeneration in this disorder are poorly understood. In the present study, we assessed the structural and functional integrity of gray and white matter in unihemispheric Sturge-Weber syndrome using quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
In this study, we investigated the effect of alpha-eudesmol, which potently inhibits the presynaptic omega-agatoxin IVA-sensitive (P/Q-type) Ca(2+) channel, on neurogenic inflammation following electrical stimulation of rat trigeminal ganglion. Treatment with alpha-eudesmol (0.1-1 mg/kg. i.v.) dose-dependently attenuated neurogenic vasodilation in facial(More)
A 21-year-old woman presented with an unruptured large intracavernous aneurysm, which was spontaneously revascularized via unusual collateral pathways a short time after extracranial-intracranial bypass and surgical ligation of the proximal internal carotid artery. The patient had been treated for a large basilar trunk aneurysm with intraaneurysmal(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the ictal subdural electroencephalogram (EEG) changes using spectral analysis, and to delineate the quantitatively defined ictal onset zones on high-resolution 3D MR images in children with intractable neocortical epilepsy. METHODS Fourteen children with intractable neocortical epilepsy (age: 1-16 years) who had subsequent resective(More)
Recently, the omega-agatoxin IVA (omega-Aga-IVA)-sensitive Ca2+ channel has been demonstrated to play an important role in the physiological neurotransmitter release in mammalian nerve terminals. In this study, we demonstrate that alpha-eudesmol from Juniperus virginiana Linn. (Cupressaceae) inhibits omega-Aga-IVA-sensitive Ca2+ channels in rat brain(More)
We isometrically activated skinned fibers in rigor by flash photolysis of caged ATP at various [Ca2+] at 8 degrees C. On release of ATP, tension initially decreased with the same time course at all [Ca2+]. At high [Ca2+] (pCa < or = 5.8), tension rose to the steady-state plateau after the brief relaxation. When the [Ca2+] was intermediate (7.0 < or = pCa <(More)
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) is a rare Epstein-Barr virus-associated multisystem lymphoproliferative and granulomatous disease histologically characterized by angiocentric and angiodestructive cellular infiltrate. LYG usually involves the lungs, skin, kidneys and brain, but isolated central nervous system LYG has been reported rarely. We describe a(More)