Kenji Honda

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The neurohypophyseal peptide [Arg(8)]-vasopressin (AVP) exerts major physiological actions through three distinct receptor isoforms designated V1a, V1b, and V2. Among these three subtypes, the vasopressin V1b receptor is specifically expressed in pituitary corticotrophs and mediates the stimulatory effect of vasopressin on ACTH release. To investigate the(More)
We have examined the pharmacological subtypes of muscarinic receptors mediating phosphoinositide hydrolysis and contraction in the longitudinal smooth muscle of guinea pig ileum with the use of muscarinic antagonists. Carbachol increased the formation of 3H-inositol phosphates (IPs) in a dose-dependent manner in both ileal smooth muscle and the frontal(More)
The P2X receptor is a receptor-gated cationic channel that responds to ATP. The quantification of P2X mRNA expression in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) provides important information for neuropathic pain studies. We developed a rapid and sensitive external-standard-based real-time quantitative PCR assay for the quantification of mRNA of P2X receptors in mouse(More)
Recent evidence has identified directly muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (m-ACh R) and nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (n-ACh R) in the brain utilizing receptor binding assay. Several studies suggest that release of dopamine (DA) in the striatum is regulated by presynaptic receptors present on dopaminergic terminals. In the present study, the effects of(More)
We examined the role of the spinal muscarinic receptor subtype in the anti-nociceptive effect of intrathecal (i.t.) alpha2 adrenoceptor agonist clonidine in mice. I.t. injection of the muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine completely inhibited i.t. clonidine-induced increase in the mechanical threshold, but did not affect the increase in tail-flick(More)
Arginine-vasopressin (AVP) in the septum and hippocampus are thought to be involved in memory and learning, and their receptors have been classified into three subtypes, V1a, V1b and V2. In this study, we tested for AVP V1a- and V2-receptor mRNAs in the hippocampus of adult rats by a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. PCR(More)
The distribution and properties of 125I-alpha bungarotoxin (125I-alpha BTX) binding in rat brain using micropunched tissue homogenates were examined with a binding technique. Highest level of 125I-alpha BTX binding was observed in the hypothalamus, followed by hippocampus, cortex, globus pallidus, nucleus caudatus and nucleus accumbens. Although high levels(More)
Painful diabetic neuropathy causes hyperalgesia and does not respond to commonly used analgesics such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or opioids at doses below those producing disruptive side effects. In the present study, we examined the effect of P2X receptor antagonists, which are known to modulate the pain pathway, on mechanical hyperalgesia in(More)
Subcutaneous injection of formalin into a paw of mice caused two distinct phases of licking and biting, first phase (1-5 min) and the second phase (7-30 min) after the injection. The muscarinic antagonist atropine (0.1-10 ng, i.t.) and the M(3) receptor antagonist 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methiodide (4-DAMP) (0.1-20 ng, i.t.) inhibited the(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) receptors have been classified into V1a, V1b, and V2 subtypes. Recent studies have demonstrated the involvement of AVP in anti-nociception and in morphine-induced anti-nociception. However, the roles of individual AVP-receptor subtypes have not been fully elucidated. Here, we have summarized the role of V1-receptor subtypes in(More)