Kenji Honda

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The neurohypophyseal peptide [Arg(8)]-vasopressin (AVP) exerts major physiological actions through three distinct receptor isoforms designated V1a, V1b, and V2. Among these three subtypes, the vasopressin V1b receptor is specifically expressed in pituitary corticotrophs and mediates the stimulatory effect of vasopressin on ACTH release. To investigate the(More)
Recent evidence has identified directly muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (m-ACh R) and nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (n-ACh R) in the brain utilizing receptor binding assay. Several studies suggest that release of dopamine (DA) in the striatum is regulated by presynaptic receptors present on dopaminergic terminals. In the present study, the effects of(More)
We have examined the pharmacological subtypes of muscarinic receptors mediating phosphoinositide hydrolysis and contraction in the longitudinal smooth muscle of guinea pig ileum with the use of muscarinic antagonists. Carbachol increased the formation of 3H-inositol phosphates (IPs) in a dose-dependent manner in both ileal smooth muscle and the frontal(More)
Intracellular signal transduction involved in non-neuronal ATP release evoked by alpha, beta-methylene ATP and bethanechol was evaluated in guinea pig ileal longitudinal muscle segments. alpha, beta-methylene ATP (100 microM) and bethanechol (10 microM) evoked ATP released that reached a peak about 3 min after administration. The evoked release of ATP was(More)
We examined the role of the spinal muscarinic receptor subtype in the anti-nociceptive effect of intrathecal (i.t.) alpha2 adrenoceptor agonist clonidine in mice. I.t. injection of the muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine completely inhibited i.t. clonidine-induced increase in the mechanical threshold, but did not affect the increase in tail-flick(More)
Arginine-vasopressin (AVP) in the septum and hippocampus are thought to be involved in memory and learning, and their receptors have been classified into three subtypes, V1a, V1b and V2. In this study, we tested for AVP V1a- and V2-receptor mRNAs in the hippocampus of adult rats by a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. PCR(More)
Isolated strips of the human tracheal muscle had slow fluctuations of membrane potential (slow wave), essentially similar to those of guinea-pig trachea. The average amplitude and frequency of slow wave were 7.7 mV and 19.9/min (n = 9), respectively. There was clear correlation between the electrical activity and mechanical response during the excitation(More)
The distribution and properties of 125I-alpha bungarotoxin (125I-alpha BTX) binding in rat brain using micropunched tissue homogenates were examined with a binding technique. Highest level of 125I-alpha BTX binding was observed in the hypothalamus, followed by hippocampus, cortex, globus pallidus, nucleus caudatus and nucleus accumbens. Although high levels(More)
Subcutaneous injection of formalin into a paw of mice caused two distinct phases of licking and biting, first phase (1-5 min) and the second phase (7-30 min) after the injection. The muscarinic antagonist atropine (0.1-10 ng, i.t.) and the M(3) receptor antagonist 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methiodide (4-DAMP) (0.1-20 ng, i.t.) inhibited the(More)
Painful diabetic neuropathy causes hyperalgesia and does not respond to commonly used analgesics such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or opioids at doses below those producing disruptive side effects. In the present study, we examined the effect of P2X receptor antagonists, which are known to modulate the pain pathway, on mechanical hyperalgesia in(More)