Learn More
The neurohypophyseal peptide [Arg(8)]-vasopressin (AVP) exerts major physiological actions through three distinct receptor isoforms designated V1a, V1b, and V2. Among these three subtypes, the vasopressin V1b receptor is specifically expressed in pituitary corticotrophs and mediates the stimulatory effect of vasopressin on ACTH release. To investigate the(More)
Subcutaneous injection of formalin into a paw of mice caused two distinct phases of licking and biting, first phase (1-5 min) and the second phase (7-30 min) after the injection. The muscarinic antagonist atropine (0.1-10 ng, i.t.) and the M(3) receptor antagonist 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methiodide (4-DAMP) (0.1-20 ng, i.t.) inhibited the(More)
Painful diabetic neuropathy causes hyperalgesia and does not respond to commonly used analgesics such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or opioids at doses below those producing disruptive side effects. In the present study, we examined the effect of P2X receptor antagonists, which are known to modulate the pain pathway, on mechanical hyperalgesia in(More)
The present study was undertaken to clarify how spinal muscarinic receptors can be involved in the antinociceptive effects induced by morphine in thermal stimulation. The morphine-induced antinociceptive effects (26.6 micromol/kg, s.c.) was inhibited by an intrathecal (i.t.) injection of the muscarinic antagonist (M) atropine and the M(1)/M(4) antagonist(More)
The P2X receptor is a receptor-gated cationic channel that responds to ATP. The quantification of P2X mRNA expression in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) provides important information for neuropathic pain studies. We developed a rapid and sensitive external-standard-based real-time quantitative PCR assay for the quantification of mRNA of P2X receptors in mouse(More)
ATP is released into extracellular space as an autocrine/paracrine molecule by mechanical stress and pharmacological-receptor activation. Released ATP is partly metabolized by ectoenzymes to adenosine. In the present study, we found that adenosine causes ATP release in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. This release was completely inhibited by CPT (an A1(More)
Intracellular signal transduction pathways involved in ATP release evoked by angiotensin II (Ang II) were investigated in cultured guinea pig Taenia coli smooth muscle cells. Ang II (0.3-1 microM) elicited substantial release of ATP from the cells, but not from a human fibroblast cell line. However, Ang II even at 10 microM failed to cause a leakage of(More)
We examined endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-mediated relaxation of mesenteric arteries in high-sodium loaded streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The study shows that acetylcholine (ACh)-induced, EDHF-mediated relaxation is relatively maintained in STZ-induced diabetic rats, but after a high-sodium diet was given, the function was(More)
Involvement of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) in pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced convulsion by use of NCX knockout mice and the selective ligand SEA0400 to NCX was examined. In the SEA0400-administered group, the latency to clonic convulsion was extended into 210 s, although the latency to clonic convulsion was observed until 100 s in control group. SEA0400 had(More)
We examined the role of the spinal muscarinic receptor subtype in the anti-nociceptive effect of intrathecal (i.t.) alpha2 adrenoceptor agonist clonidine in mice. I.t. injection of the muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine completely inhibited i.t. clonidine-induced increase in the mechanical threshold, but did not affect the increase in tail-flick(More)