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BACKGROUND Hybrid and Norwood strategies differ substantially in terms of stage II palliative procedures. We sought to compare these strategies with an emphasis on survival and reintervention after stage II and subsequent Fontan completion. METHODS AND RESULTS Of 110 neonates with functionally single-ventricle physiology who underwent stage I palliation(More)
P glycoprotein and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2), ATP-dependent membrane transporters, exist in a variety of normal tissues and play important roles in the disposition of various drugs. The present study seeks to clarify the contribution of P glycoprotein and/or Mrp2 to the disposition of azithromycin in rats. The disappearance of(More)
BACKGROUND We have evaluated the safety and feasibility of combining median-to-lateral and anterior-to-median (MLAM) approaches to perform laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (CME) with radical lymph node dissection along the gastrocolic trunk of Henle (GTH) for right hemicolon cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzed data obtained(More)
Lymphoma is the most common hematopoietic malignancy in dogs. Although a large proportion of dogs with lymphoma can achieve clinical remission by initial chemotherapy, most dogs die as a consequence of tumor relapse. We established a quantitative detection system for minimal residual disease (MRD) in canine lymphoma by using real-time polymerase chain(More)
We measured the quantity of plasma feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) RNA using a real-time sequence detecting system. Plasma viral RNA load was shown to correlate with the clinical stage, survival time, and disease progression in naturally FIV-infected cats. The present study indicates that the plasma viral RNA load can be used as a clinical marker(More)
PURPOSE Mesothelin expression is found in normal mesothelium, and cancerous mesothelin has been recently reported in ovarian and pancreas cancer. The clinicopathological implications of mesothelin expression have been discussed with respect to antitumor immunological mechanisms. However, there is no information on mesothelin expression in gastric cancer.(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic colectomy has become accepted for resection of colon cancer, and laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (CME) has proved feasible and safe. We have evaluated the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of laparoscopic CME via reduced port surgery (RPS) in patients with colon cancer. METHODS We prospectively assessed 17 consecutive(More)
In the present study, full length of feline bax, bcl-2, bcl-xL and caspase 3 genes were sequenced and the expression of these mRNAs were also investigated in FIV-infected lymphocytes. The full length cDNA sequence of bax (646 bp), bcl-2 (1423 bp), bcl-xL (1163 bp) and caspase 3 genes (1208 bp) contained a single open reading frame of 579 bp coding 193 amino(More)
A 6-year-old spayed female Jack Russell Terrier presented with a 1-month history of lethargy, anorexia, vomiting and weight loss. The dog was fed beef and chicken jerky treats daily in addition to a commercial diet. Laboratory tests revealed azotemia, hypokalemia, hyperchloremia, metabolic acidosis and glucosuria with normoglycemia. Urine amino acid(More)
A 32-year-old man presented with the chief complaint of severe cough. Examination of peripheral blood showed a marked increase in eosinophils. Chest CT demonstrated multiple ground glass opacities in both lungs. Bronchoalveolar lavage showed abundant eosinophils. Abdominal CT demonstrated multiple low attenuation areas in the liver. Liver biopsy with(More)