Kenji Arakawa

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1. To assess the involvement of volume overload in the development of cardiac hypertrophy during treatment with an antidiabetic thiazolidinedione, changes in cardiac anatomy and parameters of cardiac volume overload were evaluated in female Sprague-Dawley rats treated with the thiazolidinedione derivative T-174. 2. Two week administration of T-174 (13 and(More)
BACKGROUND Canagliflozin is a sodium glucose co-transporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitor in clinical development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS (14)C-alpha-methylglucoside uptake in Chinese hamster ovary-K cells expressing human, rat, or mouse SGLT2 or SGLT1; (3)H-2-deoxy-d-glucose uptake in L6 myoblasts; and 2-electrode voltage clamp(More)
Marked species differences in thiobarbituric acid reactant value (TBA value) in normal lung tissue of five species of animals were found. The order of the values was mouse > hamster > rat > guinea pig > rabbit, and the value for mice was 3.6 times higher than that for rabbit. The vitamin E (VE) and nonprotein sulfhydryls (NPSH) contents in lungs varied(More)
We examined the effects of T-1095, an orally active inhibitor of Na(+)-glucose cotransporter (SGLT), on the development and severity of diabetes in Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat, a spontaneous, non-obese model of type 2 diabetes. T-1095 was administered as dietary admixture (0.1% w/w) beginning at 7 weeks of age for 32 weeks. Untreated male GK rats were(More)
The sodium glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 1 plays a major role in glucose absorption and incretin hormone release in the gastrointestinal tract; however, the impact of SGLT1 inhibition on plasma glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels in vivo is controversial. We analyzed the effects of SGLT1 inhibitors on GLP-1 secretion in normoglycemic and hyperglycemic(More)
To assess the impact of concomitant inhibition of sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 2 and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP4) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the effect of combined treatment with canagliflozin, a novel SGLT2 inhibitor, and teneligliptin, a DPP4 inhibitor, on glucose intolerance was investigated in Zucker diabetic fatty(More)
BACKGROUND Despite its insulin sensitizing effects, pioglitazone may induce weight gain leading to an increased risk of development of insulin resistance. A novel sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, canagliflozin, provides not only glycemic control but also body weight reduction through an insulin-independent mechanism. The aim of this study(More)
Chronic inflammation in systemic organs, such as adipose tissue, nodose ganglion, hypothalamus, and skeletal muscles, is closely associated with obesity and diabetes mellitus. Because sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors exert both anti-diabetic and anti-obesity effects by promoting urinary excretion of glucose and subsequent caloric loss, we(More)
Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) plays a major role in renal glucose reabsorption. To analyze the potential of insulin-independent blood glucose control, the effects of the novel SGLT2 inhibitor canagliflozin on renal glucose reabsorption and the progression of hyperglycemia were analyzed in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats. The transporter activity(More)
T-1095, an orally active inhibitor of Na(+)-glucose cotransporter (SGLT), excretes excess plasma glucose into urine, lowers blood glucose levels, and thus has therapeutic potential for treatment of diabetes mellitus. To elucidate the correlation between threshold for renal glucose reabsorption and blood glucose levels, we evaluated the effects of T-1095 on(More)