Kenichiro Yasutake

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OBJECTIVE The onset and progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) seem to be affected by nutritive intake; however, detailed examinations have not been performed in non-obese NAFLD patients. The purpose of this study was to identify potential nutritive factors that affect NAFLD and its related nutritional problems. MATERIAL AND METHODS We(More)
We previously studied fatty acid metabolism in the liver of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and reported the activation of the LXRalpha-SREBP-1c pathway in hepatocytes. LXRalpha regulates cholesterol metabolism as well as fatty acid metabolism, and its agonistic ligands are oxysterols. Moreover, there is some evidence that excess cholesterol intake(More)
AIM   Recent studies have shown that lipid metabolic pathways are required for the entry, replication and secretion of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Although little is known about the life cycle of HCV in humans, the activation of cholesterol and fatty acid biosynthesis may be critical for HCV proliferation. METHODS   We assessed the transcription levels of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to validate the FibroScan system compared with liver histology and serum markers for the diagnosis of hepatic fibrosis. We also tried to determine the cut-off levels and assess the feasibility of using FibroScan values to predict the fibrosis stage. METHODS In 44 patients with HCV infection, liver stiffness was(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease that ranges in severity from simple steatosis to cirrhosis. NAFLD is considered to be associated with hepatic metabolic disorders, resulting in overaccumulation of fatty acids/triglycerides and cholesterol. The pathogenesis and progression of NAFLD are generally explained by the(More)
The objective was to investigate the validity of a self-monitoring device that estimates 24-h urinary salt excretion from overnight urine samples as a tool for education regarding salt restriction. Twenty healthy volunteers consumed test meals for 14 days, with salt content as follows: 10 g (days 1-5); 5 g (days 6-8, 12 and 14); and 13 g (days 9-11 and 13).(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most frequent causes of health problems in Western (industrialized) countries. Moreover, the incidence of infantile NAFLD is increasing, with some of these patients progressing to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. These trends depend on dietary habits and life-style. In particular, overeating and its(More)
The dietary intake of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is generally characterized by high levels of carbohydrate, fat, and/or cholesterol, and these dietary patterns influence hepatic lipid metabolism in the patients. Therefore, careful investigation of dietary habits could lead to better nutrition therapy in NAFLD patients. The main(More)
Water chestnut is an annual aquatic plant that grows in Asia and Europe. Although water chestnut has been used as food and herbal medicine, its physiological functions and active ingredients are unknown. Here, we extracted polyphenols from the husk of the Japanese water chestnut (Trapa japonica) and assessed their effects on blood glucose levels. Three(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Nutritional states of Japanese patients with liver cirrhosis have recently shown great diversity, some show protein energy malnutrition and others excessive nutrition and obesity. For there to be adequate guidance regarding dietary treatment, it is important that a patient's current nutritional state be clarified. METHODS We assessed(More)