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Age is one of the most important prognostic factors in glioblastoma patients, but no standard treatment has been established for elderly patients with this condition. We therefore conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate treatment regimens and outcomes in elderly glioblastoma patients. The study population consisted of 79 glioblastoma patients(More)
Pilocytic astrocytoma sometimes transforms to a malignant type, and previous radiation therapy is considered to be a key factor. We report a case of pilocytic astrocytoma with histological malignant features without previous radiation therapy. A 21-year-old man presented a sudden onset of severe headache. Neuroimaging had detected a cystic mass in the(More)
MIB-1 staining provides a useful index of the malignancy of brain tumors. However, because of the difficulty of evaluating malignancy based on the preoperative imaging findings, we investigated the correlation between the (201)Tl-SPECT retention index (RI) and MIB-1 staining index (MIB-1 SI) to determine the usefulness of RI for preoperative evaluation of(More)
Cadherins are Ca2+-dependent cell adhesion molecules that play an important role in tissue construction and morphogenesis in multicellular organisms. Over the last few years, reports have emerged in the literature describing the involvement of cadherins in tumor invasion and metastasis. Cadherins typically demonstrate up and down-regulation according to the(More)
A case of 52-year-old female presented with dysarthria and paresis of right upper extremity 3 years after an operation and chemotherapy for uterine leiomyosarcoma. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an enhanced mass in the left corona radiata. Brain biopsy was carried out and pathological examination of the specimen showed features of a leiomyosarcoma.(More)
Dissemination of glioblastoma was once considered rare but is now increasingly encountered with longer survival of glioblastoma patients. Despite the potential negative impact of dissemination on clinical outcome, however, molecular markers useful for prediction of dissemination risk still remains ill defined. We tested in this study for an association(More)
OBJECT Cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a serious complication. Free radicals derived from subarachnoid clotting are recognized to play an important role. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) have been shown to be related to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and may increase in(More)
Excessive entry of Ca2+ into injured cochlear neurons activates various Ca(2+)-activated enzymes and subsequent spiral ganglion cell death. Therefore, preventing intracellular calcium overload by using Ca2+ channel antagonists may become an important countermeasure to spiral ganglion cell death. We experimentally investigated whether an L-type Ca2+ channel(More)
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE Different types of tumor have been reported in the pineal gland, but pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) in this region is extremely rare. CLINICAL PRESENTATIONS A 61-year-old man had gait disturbance and dementia for 1 month. Radiological examination revealed a 22 × 26 × 22-mm-diameter mass in the pineal gland and remarkable(More)
Cerebral vasospasm of the major cerebral arteries, which is characterized by angiographic narrowing of those vessels, had been recognized as a main contributor to delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients. However, the CONSCIOUS-1 trial revealed that clazosentan could not improve mortality or clinical outcome in spite of(More)