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OBJECTIVES We used virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) to investigate the natural history of coronary artery lesion morphology. BACKGROUND Plaque stability is related to its histological composition. METHODS We performed serial (baseline and 12-month follow-up) VH-IVUS studies and examined 216 nonculprit lesions (plaque burden >or=40%)(More)
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is one of the main causes of cardiovascular death. According to rapid aging of society, the peak age of ACS onset has grown older globally. Despite growing recognition of the necessity to build the ACS prevention strategy in the elderly, patients background and culprit lesion morphology of these elderly ACS patients have not(More)
To distinguish hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) from hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy (H-LVH) based on a morphological examination is often challenging. Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is a novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for several cardiovascular diseases. In patients with LVH, GDF-15 promises to be a useful biomarker to(More)
We sought to examine the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) findings of stent fracture. Stent fracture has been implicated as a cause of drug-eluting stent failure. IVUS is more likely to identify mechanisms of stent failure -- including stent fracture -- than angiography. Twenty stent fractures diagnosed by IVUS in 17 patients were evaluated. Eighteen stent(More)
High plasma level of von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a marker of future cardiovascular events in patients at high risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to examine the changes and the prognostic value of plasma VWF-cleaving protease (ADAMTS13) levels in patients with CAD. Plasma VWF and ADAMTS13 levels were measured in 225(More)
BACKGROUND Despite standard statin therapy, a majority of patients retain a high "residual risk" of cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ezetimibe plus atorvastatin versus atorvastatin monotherapy on the lipid profile and coronary atherosclerosis in Japanese patients who underwent percutaneous coronary(More)
The influence of newer-generation CT on the clinical indications and appropriateness of cardiac CT has not been adequately surveyed. We aimed to evaluate the distribution of appropriateness ratings and test the outcomes of cardiac CT using second-generation 320-row CT. The 2010 appropriate use criteria (AUC) were applied at the point of service to a(More)
Despite current standards of care aimed at achieving targets for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), many patients remain at high residual risk of cardiovascular events. We sought to assess the LDL-C-dependent differences in culprit intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) morphologies and clinical characteristics in patients with acute coronary syndrome(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether and how the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-homologous protein (CHOP)-mediated pathway regulates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. METHODS AND RESULTS Wild-type and chop-deficient mice underwent 50 minutes of left coronary artery occlusion followed by reperfusion. Expression(More)
This clinical pilot study was a randomized, controlled, open-label study in 80 patients with acute myocardial infarction and was designed to examine the effects of a novel free radical scavenger, edaravone. Administration of edaravone before myocardial reperfusion was associated with smaller enzymatic infarcts and better clinical outcome.