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The combination of trastuzumab with paclitaxel (PTX) is an important option for the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer. Dexamethasone (Dex) premedication is routinely used in the treatment with PTX. The interactions among Dex, PTX and trastuzumab were evaluated in BT-474 cells. Dex interfered with trastuzumab-induced cell growth inhibition without(More)
The nationwide surveillance on antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial respiratory pathogens from patients in Japan, was conducted by Japanese Society of Chemotherapy, Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases and Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology in 2010. The isolates were collected from clinical specimens obtained from well-diagnosed adult(More)
Previously we showed that Akt-suppressing agents, combined with amrubicin, synergistically inhibited the growth of small cell lung cancer cells. The combined effects of chemotherapeutic agents and Akt-suppressing agents, including epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors, were evaluated in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells harboring(More)
Elderly patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) require chemotherapy that is effective and minimally toxic. We evaluated the activity of a combination of vinorelbine and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/UFT (a fixed combination of tegafur and uracil) in vitro and in vivo to establish a rationale for clinical use. The cytotoxic activities of various(More)
BACKGROUND Upper-extremity exercise is for pulmonary rehabilitation. The 6-minute pegboard and ring test (6PBRT) was developed to evaluate arm exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to characterize the 6PBRT and evaluate its relationship with upper-extremity activities of daily living(More)
OBJECTIVE Chest computed tomography (CT) is not performed routinely or worldwide as the initial diagnostic procedure for patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). The significance of the chest CT scan for HNC diagnosis has not been thoroughly defined. The present study reports findings in an effort to broaden the acceptance and application of CT for HNC. (More)
Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways, in which inflammation causes bronchial hyper-responsiveness and flow limitation in the presence of various stimuli. Pulmonary function in asthmatic patients frequently deteriorates between midnight and early morning, which has suggested a role for chronotherapy. Although relationships(More)
PURPOSE The combination of tegafur-uracil (UFT) with vinorelbine has provided synergistic activity against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in experimental models. The recommended dose of UFT in combination with vinorelbine in NSCLC was determined in a phase I study. The phase II study evaluated efficacy and tolerability of this combination in elderly(More)
Paclitaxel is used frequently for the treatment of patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Hypersensitivity reactions remain one of the major adverse events in the clinical use of paclitaxel. Glucocorticoids are used to prevent these adverse events. This study was carried out in order to clarify the effect of glucocorticoids on paclitaxel-induced(More)
OBJECTIVE Health-care associated pneumonia (HCAP) is a new category of pneumonia. We investigated differences of epidemiology, pathogens, and outcomes between HCAP patients in large hospitals and those in small hospitals. METHODS This was a retrospective observational study of patients hospitalized with HCAP from December 2009 to March 2010. HCAP was(More)