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Colorectal cancer is a major cause of death in Japan, where it accounts for the largest number of deaths from malignant neoplasms in women and the third largest number in men. Many new treatment methods have been developed over the last few decades. The Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum (JSCCR) guidelines 2010 for the treatment of(More)
Sequence alterations of mitotic checkpoint genes, hBUB1 and hBUBR1, were examined, and their gene transcripts were quantified using on-line, real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR in surgically resected human colorectal cancers and their neighboring normal tissues. Our results reveal a new hBUB1 missense mutation (Ala130Ser) but not any hBUBR1(More)
PURPOSE The high mobility group A2 (HMGA2) nonhistone chromosomal protein can modulate transcription by altering chromatin architecture. HMGA2 is highly expressed during embryogenesis and in various benign and malignant tumors. Recent studies report that HMGA2 is negatively regulated by the let-7 microRNA (miRNA) family. However, no studies have examined(More)
BACKGROUND The role of human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) 3 and HER4 has been elucidated in gastric cancer. HER1 and HER2 overexpression are regarded as prognostic factors and targets of treatment. The dimerization of the HER family receptors activates downstream signal pathways and promotes tumor progression. This study investigated the positive(More)
BACKGROUND COX-2 is involved in tumor angiogenesis and modulation of the production of angiogenetic factors by colorectal carcinoma cells. It has been shown that COX-2 inhibitors have inhibitory activities against various types of tumor, including colorectal carcinoma. In this study, we investigated the tumor vessels of small metastatic liver tumors in rats(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to identify a novel biomarker or a target of treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expression profiles of cancer cells in 104 patients with CRC were examined using laser microdissection and oligonucleotide microarray analysis. Overexpression in CRC cells, especially in patients with distant metastases, was(More)
AIM To evaluate the 5-lipoxygenases (Loxs) expression level in human colorectal cancer specimens in order to determine its clinicopathologic significance in human tumorigenesis. METHODS The relative quantity of 5-Lox mRNA in paired 91 colorectal tumor and adjacent normal mucosa samples was determined by real time quantitative PCR. Additionally, the(More)
BACKGROUND The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway participates in several steps of tumour development and is considered a prominent therapeutic target for the design of chemotherapeutic agents. We evaluated the expressions of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK), an upstream regulator of(More)
The question of whether any genetic differences exist between primary and colorectal cancers (CRCs) and their metastatic foci is controversial. To look for genetic aberrations involved in metastasis of CRCs to the liver, we performed subtractive comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) experiments using paired samples from 20 CRC patients with primary tumors(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis is required for growth and metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC), and several positive regulators of tumor angiogenesis have been identified. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), known to be elevated in several human cancers, regulates angiogenesis by inducing angiogenic factors. The aim of this study was to clarify the levels and evaluate the(More)