Kenichi Nagaoka

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The relationship between airborne concentration of beryllium in the working environment and workers' beryllium lymphocyte transformation test (Be-LTT) values was examined based on data obtained from a four-year survey (1992-1995) conducted at beryllium-copper alloy manufacturing factories. This study showed that the T cells of workers continuously exposed(More)
Reversed-shear Alfvén eigenmodes were observed for the first time in a helical plasma having negative q₀'' (the curvature of the safety factor q at the zero shear layer). The frequency is swept downward and upward sequentially via the time variation in the maximum of q. The eigenmodes calculated by ideal MHD theory are consistent with the experimental data.(More)
Streptomyces hygroscopicus, which produces the glutamine synthetase inhibitor phosphinothricin, possesses at least two genes (glnA and glnB) encoding distinct glutamine synthetase isoforms (GSI and GSII). The glnB gene was cloned from S. hygroscopicus DNA by complementation in an Escherichia coli glutamine auxotrophic mutant (glnA). glnB was subcloned in(More)
Thyroid antimicrosomal antibodies, gastric parietal cell antibodies (PCA) and antinuclear factors were studied in 208 insulin dependent diabetic (IDD) according to the duration of diabetes and patient's age at the time of testing. Antimicrosomal antibodies were found in 11 out of 47 (23.4%) IDD with the duration of less than one year, however this value(More)
We have isolated and studied the genes involved in the alanylation step in the biosynthesis of a herbicide, bialaphos which is produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Three bialaphos-nonproducing mutants, NP60, NP61 and NP62, isolated from S. hygroscopicus by treatment with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine were defective for the alanylation step and(More)
A DNA sequence (brpA) which regulates the expression of the genes of the bialaphos biosynthesis pathway (bap) in Streptomyces hygroscopicus was identified and characterized. A newly isolated nonproducing mutant (NP57) had a pleiotropic defect involving at least 6 of the 13 known bap genes; only the step 6 conversion could be detected. NP57 was more(More)
In polycystic kidney disease, abnormal epithelial cell proliferation is the main factor leading to cyst formation and kidney enlargement. Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is mitogenic in cystic but antimitogenic in normal human kidney cells, which is due to reduced steady-state intracellular calcium levels in cystic compared to the normal cells. Inhibition of(More)
An enzyme catalyzing the formation of an unusual C-P bond that is involved in the biosynthesis of the antibiotic bialaphos (BA) was isolated from the cell extract of a mutant (NP71) of Streptomyces hygroscopicus SF1293. This enzyme, carboxyphosphonoenolpyruvate (CPEP) phosphonomutase, was first identified as a protein lacking in a mutant (NP213) defective(More)
One of the three C-P bond formation steps, defined as step 5 in the bialaphos (BA) biosynthetic pathway, was analyzed using a new BA non-producing mutant NP71. The mutant was derived from a BA producer by gene replacement of an unidentified region next to the gene responsible for the step 5 deficiency of the mutant NP213, obtained by conventional mutation(More)