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OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of zanamivir with oseltamivir for influenza A and B. METHODS 1113 patients with influenza A or B were enrolled in the 2006-2007 influenza season. The duration of fever (temperature, >or=37.5 degrees C) and the percentage of patients afebrile at 24 and 48 h after the first dose of zanamivir or oseltamivir were(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to use transabdominal sonography to investigate the incidence of midline prostatic cysts in healthy men. CONCLUSION Midline prostatic cysts represent a common variant in asymptomatic men. In a patient with urologic symptoms, detection of a midline prostatic cyst requires a focused examination to determine whether(More)
BACKGROUND Influenza A virus subtype H1N1 with the H274Y mutation emerged and spread worldwide. However, the clinical effectiveness of the neuraminidase inhibitors, oseltamivir and zanamivir, has not been adequately reevaluated. METHODS Data from 164 patients with H1N1 virus infection and 59 patients with H3N2 virus infection during the 2008-2009(More)
A retrospective study of the 2003-2004, 2004-2005, and 2005-2006 influenza seasons was done to investigate the effectiveness of amantadine and oseltamivir for treating influenza A. Commercial antigen detection kits were used for diagnosis and data were collected from 44 clinics throughout Japan, using an Internet-based system. Oseltamivir was administered(More)
Needle insertion treatments require accurate placement of the needle tip into the target cancer. However, it is difficult to insert the needle into the cancer because of cancer displacement due to the organ deformation. Then, a path planning using numerical simulation to analyze the deformation of the organ is important for the accurate needle insertion.(More)
Raman imaging is one of the very informative methods for the characterization of chemically and structurally heterogeneous materials without employing specific molecular labels. Multifocus Raman imaging is one of the fast-imaging alternatives to the conventional single point mapping technique. Since multiple focal points probe the sample simultaneously,(More)
The objective of this study is to develop an estimation model of foot-ankle muscular activity for designing an ankle-foot orthosis with a training function. We built a Bayesian network model [1] and chose three muscles to confirm its effectiveness. Such a model needs to include all factors affecting the gait, for example, speed reflex movements, joint(More)
A reconfigurable master device has been proposed for a reconfigurable modular surgical robot. A simulation-based experimental setup was developed to evaluate the feasibility of the master device. The time spent to perform a given task, the workload evaluated by the NASA TLX questionnaire, and the preference of the topology indicated by the subjects were(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of specially-fabricated futons (beds) with anti-mite treatments on reductions of mite allergens (Der p.1 and Der f.1) and serum IgE antibodies against Dp (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus), Df (Dermatophagoides farinae) and house dust1. METHODS The futons made by microfibers (Madoromi: M) and(More)