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Voltage-gated Ca and Na channels share similar structure: four homologous domains (I-IV), each with six transmembrane segments (S1-S6). They may be formed by two rounds of duplication of a single channel domain similar to voltage-activated potassium channels. However, the channels with the intermediate structure, namely, two-domain channels have not yet(More)
Aquaporin-11 (AQP11) has been identified with unusual pore-forming NPA (asparagine-proline-alanine) boxes, but its function is unknown. We investigated its potential contribution to the kidney. Immunohistochemistry revealed that AQP11 was localized intracellularly in the proximal tubule. When AQP11 was transfected in CHO-K1 cells, it was localized in(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the main cause of chronic hepatitis worldwide. Chronic hepatitis ultimately results in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the mechanism of hepatocarcinogenesis in chronic HCV infection is still unclear. The ability of the core protein of HCV to modulate gene transcription, cell proliferation and cell death(More)
Aberrant HCO(3)(-) transport is a hallmark of cystic fibrosis (CF) and is associated with aberrant Cl(-)-dependent HCO(3)(-) transport by the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). We show here that HCO(3)(-) current by CFTR cannot account for CFTR-activated HCO(3)(-) transport and that CFTR does not activate AE1-AE4. In contrast, CFTR(More)
Members of the aquaporin (AQP) water channel family are widely distributed in various tissues and contribute to the water permeability of epithelial and endothelial cells. Currently 11 members of the AQP family (AQP0-10) have been reported in mammals. Here we report the identification of AQP12, which we found by performing a BLAST program search. Northern(More)
OBJECTIVE The treatment goal for vestibular schwannomas (VS) has been changed from total removal of the tumor to functional preservation with long-term tumor growth control. The small- to medium-sized VS can be treated by stereotactic radiosurgery, but large VS require surgical decompression for the relief of cerebellar dysfunction and increased(More)
A new member (AQP9) of the aquaporin family was identified from human leukocytes by homology cloning using PCR. A full length clone was obtained by screening human liver cDNA library. AQP9 encodes a 295-amino-acid protein with the amino acid sequence identity with AQP3 (48%), AQP7 (45%), and other aquaporins (approximately 30%), suggesting that AQP3, AQP7,(More)
Water channels, aquaporins (AQPs), are a family of small integral plasma membrane proteins that primarily transport water across the plasma membrane. There are 13 members (AQP0-12) in humans. This number is final as the human genome project has been completed. They are divided into three subgroups based on the primary sequences: water selective AQPs (AQP0,(More)
A new member of water channels has been identified from rat testis. This gene, termed aquaporin 8 (AQP8), encoded a 263-amino-acid protein that contained the conserved NPA motifs of MIP family proteins. AQP8 has amino acid sequence identity with other aquaporins (approximately 35%) and highest with a plant water channel, AQP-gamma TIP (39%), suggesting that(More)
Although amyloid beta (Abeta) oligomers are presumed to cause synaptic and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease (AD), their contribution to other pathological features of AD remains unclear. To address the latter, we generated APP transgenic mice expressing the E693Delta mutation, which causes AD by enhanced Abeta oligomerization without(More)