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The Japanese Gastric Cancer Association (JGCA) started a new nationwide gastric cancer registry in 2008. Approximately 50 data items, including surgical procedures, pathological diagnoses, and survival outcomes, for 12004 patients with primary gastric cancer treated in 2001 were collected retrospectively from 187 participating hospitals. Data were entered(More)
We report measurements of noncontact friction between surfaces of NbSe2 and SrTiO3 and a sharp Pt-Ir tip that is oscillated laterally by a quartz tuning fork cantilever. At 4.2 K, the friction coefficients on both the metallic and insulating materials show a giant maximum at the tip-surface distance of several nanometers. The maximum is strongly correlated(More)
BACKGROUND It is well known that cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should be attempted as early as possible after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, it is unclear about the impact of time to CPR on OHCA outcome by first documented rhythm (pulseless ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation [pVT/VF], pulseless electric activity [PEA],(More)
BACKGROUND Inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter and its respiratory change, as determined using echocardiography, are commonly used to assess right atrial pressure (RAP). Despite the widespread use of the IVC approach for RAP assessment, the relations among body surface area (BSA), IVC diameter, and respirophasic change remain unclear. The aim of this study(More)
The Blue Book made a big contribution to the development of the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) guidelines established in 1991 for almost all of the basic issues. However, the MAFF guidelines could not sufficiently cover some important areas that the Blue Book addressed well, such as potential consequences. This gap has been(More)