Learn More
The cell cycle is governed by a family of cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks). Cdk2 forms a functional complex with cyclin E and plays a pivotal role in the regulation of G1/S transition. Cdk2 activity is negatively regulated by interactions with inhibitors. p27Kip1, one of the most potent inhibitors of Cdk2, was recently identified as a powerful negative(More)
Toxicological effects of orally administered azaspiracid (AZA), a new toxin isolated from mussels, were investigated. First, a total of 25 mice were administered AZA twice at 300-450 microg/kg doses and observed for recovery processes from severe injuries. Slow recoveries from injuries were revealed: erosion and shortened villi persisted in the stomach and(More)
Notch signalling, which is highly conserved from nematodes to mammals, plays crucial roles in many developmental processes. In the Drosophila embryo, deficiency in Notch signalling results in neural hyperplasia, commonly referred to as the neurogenic phenotype. We identify a novel maternal neurogenic gene, neurotic, and show that it is essential for Notch(More)
Mastermind (Mam) has been implicated as an important positive regulator of the Notch signaling pathway by genetic studies using Drosophila melanogaster. Here we describe a biochemical mechanism of action of Mam within the Notch signaling pathway. Expression of a human sequence related to Drosophila Mam (hMam-1) in mammalian cells augments induction of Hairy(More)
  • Elias Theodore, Simos, +59 authors A Zdetsis
  • 2007
Aims and Scope The major goal of the Journal of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering (JCMSE) is the publication of new research results on computational methods in sciences and engineering. Common experience had taught us that computational methods originally developed in a given basic science, e.g. physics, can be of paramount importance to(More)
Cytokines in interleukin (IL)-11 subfamily participate in the regulation of bone cell proliferation and differentiation. We report here positive effects of IL-11 on osteoblasts and bone formation. Overexpression of human IL-11 gene in transgenic mice resulted in the stimulation of bone formation to increase cortical thickness and strength of long bones, and(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) is synthesized by HA synthase (HAS) 1, HAS2 and HAS3, and degraded by hyaluronidase (HYAL) 1 and HYAL2 in a CD44-dependent manner. HA and HYALs are intricately involved in tumor growth and metastasis. Random cell movement is generally described as chemokinesis, and represents an important step at the beginning of tumor cell liberation from(More)
The Notch signalling pathway has a crucial function in determining cell fates in multiple tissues within metazoan organisms. On binding to ligands, the Notch receptor is cleaved proteolytically and releases its intracellular domain (NotchICD). The NotchICD enters the nucleus and acts cooperatively with other factors to stimulate the transcription of target(More)
Congenital disorder of glycosylation IIc (CDG IIc), also termed leukocyte adhesion deficiency II, is a recessive syndrome characterized by slowed growth, mental retardation, and severe immunodeficiency. Recently, the gene responsible for CDG IIc was found to encode a GDP-fucose transporter. Here, we investigated the possible cause of the developmental(More)
Mastermind (Mam) is one of the evolutionarily conserved elements of Notch signaling. Genetic analyses in Drosophila implicated it as an important positive regulator of the pathway. We show here identification of two new members of human Mam family (human Mastermind-2 (hMam-2) and human Mastermind-3 (hMam-3)), which retain characteristics similar to human(More)