Kenichi Harigaya

Learn More
Toxicological effects of orally administered azaspiracid (AZA), a new toxin isolated from mussels, were investigated. First, a total of 25 mice were administered AZA twice at 300-450 microg/kg doses and observed for recovery processes from severe injuries. Slow recoveries from injuries were revealed: erosion and shortened villi persisted in the stomach and(More)
Notch signalling, which is highly conserved from nematodes to mammals, plays crucial roles in many developmental processes. In the Drosophila embryo, deficiency in Notch signalling results in neural hyperplasia, commonly referred to as the neurogenic phenotype. We identify a novel maternal neurogenic gene, neurotic, and show that it is essential for Notch(More)
A new autopsy imaging (AI) system was introduced at the Research Center Hospital for Charged Particle Therapy (RCCPT) in January 2000. Autopsy imaging is a postmortem and preautopsy diagnostic procedure using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Scanning is performed with a 1.5 Tesla MRI system before autopsy. The AI results are reported to the pathologist(More)
Mastermind (Mam) is one of the evolutionarily conserved elements of Notch signaling. Genetic analyses in Drosophila implicated it as an important positive regulator of the pathway. We show here identification of two new members of human Mam family (human Mastermind-2 (hMam-2) and human Mastermind-3 (hMam-3)), which retain characteristics similar to human(More)
Congenital disorder of glycosylation IIc (CDG IIc), also termed leukocyte adhesion deficiency II, is a recessive syndrome characterized by slowed growth, mental retardation, and severe immunodeficiency. Recently, the gene responsible for CDG IIc was found to encode a GDP-fucose transporter. Here, we investigated the possible cause of the developmental(More)
Cytokines in interleukin (IL)-11 subfamily participate in the regulation of bone cell proliferation and differentiation. We report here positive effects of IL-11 on osteoblasts and bone formation. Overexpression of human IL-11 gene in transgenic mice resulted in the stimulation of bone formation to increase cortical thickness and strength of long bones, and(More)
Five clonal human bone marrow stromal cell lines were isolated from the adherent cell populations in long-term liquid cultures after transfection with the recombinant plasmid pSV3gpt. All the cell-line feeder layers and their conditioned media stimulated the proliferation of committed granulomonocytic stem cells (CFUc) from human bone marrow. The size and(More)
The cell cycle is governed by a family of cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks). Cdk2 forms a functional complex with cyclin E and plays a pivotal role in the regulation of G1/S transition. Cdk2 activity is negatively regulated by interactions with inhibitors. p27Kip1, one of the most potent inhibitors of Cdk2, was recently identified as a powerful negative(More)
We isolated clonal sublines of the established mouse marrow stromal cell line, H-1. These clonal sublines underwent differentiation into adipocytes in various degrees. One subline, H-1/A, underwent adipocyte differentiation after confluence, while another subline, H-1/D, did not differentiate. In H-1/A cells, the 4.5- and 2.5-kb major mRNA species of(More)
Activin A, a homodimer of the beta A chain, regulates hematopoiesis. In a human bone marrow-derived stromal cell line, KM-102, phorbol myristate acetate, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta induced great increases in beta A chain mRNA levels and production of activin A activities. The phorbol ester-induced beta A chain gene expression was(More)