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Advanced breast cancers frequently metastasize to bone, resulting in osteolytic lesions, yet the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we report that nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) plays a crucial role in the osteolytic bone metastasis of breast cancer by stimulating osteoclastogenesis. Using an in vivo bone metastasis model, we found that(More)
An ex vivo gene therapy strategy was used to achieve localized skeletal regeneration in vivo. When an adenovirus vector engineered to express bone morphogenetic protein 7 transduced human gingival fibroblasts or rat dermal fibroblasts, these nonosteogenic tissues formed bone and supported the development of hematopoietic tissue when transplanted into(More)
Dentin sialoprotein (DSP) and dentin phosphoprotein (DPP; phosphophoryn) are two principal dentin-specific non-collagenous proteins. DPP is extremely acidic and is rich in aspartic acid and serine. By virtue of this structure, DPP may bind large amounts of calcium and may facilitate initial mineralization of dentin matrix collagen as well as regulate the(More)
The t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation is the genetic hallmark of follicular lymphoma. Detection of this translocation can facilitate the diagnosis of follicular lymphoma and can be used to monitor response to therapy and level of residual disease. We herein review and compare practical techniques for detecting t(14;18)(q32;q21), including conventional(More)
Osteopontin (SPP1) is reportedly the most up-regulated gene in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). Our objective was to confirm immunoexpression of osteopontin and determine if CD44v6 and CD44H played a significant role as receptors for osteopontin in PCNSL. Twenty PCNSL, 12 nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (N-DLBCL), and 17 extra-nodal(More)
Experimental cell or ex vivo gene therapy for localized bone formation typically uses osteoprogenitor cells propagated from periosteum or bone marrow. Both require bone or marrow biopsies to obtain cells. We have demonstrated that implantation of gingival or dermal fibroblasts transduced with BMP ex vivo, using a recombinant adenovirus (AdCMVBMP) attached(More)
Treatment with BMP-7 causes a shift in the differentiation pathway from myoblastic to osteoblastic in C2C12 mouse myoblast precursor cells in vitro. The underlying molecular mechanism is largely unknown. BMP-7 at 200 ng/ml completely inhibited myotube formation in C2C12 cells and dramatically induced alkaline phosphatase activity up to 20-fold when compared(More)
Autologous tissue grafting for the restoration of oral tissues is limited by several factors, including the availability of sufficient donor tissue. One solution to this problem may be to develop substitute tissue grafts by attaching disaggregated autologous cells propagated in vitro to scaffolds composed of natural or synthetic polymers. We have earlier(More)
Recombinant human BMP-7 (bone morphogenetic protein-7, osteogenic protein-1) is osteogenic, dentinogenic and cementogenic when implanted into the appropriate tissue in vivo. However, most studies characterizing the induction of these tissues have implanted BMP-7 into freshly surgerized, clinically healthy tissues. To determine if BMP-7 is dentinogenic in(More)
Strategies for localized skeletal regeneration using either cell or ex vivo gene transfer typically utilize preosteoblasts from bone or bone marrow biopsies. Our studies have demonstrated than ex vivo bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) transduced fibroblasts convert to osteoblasts and form bone in vivo. In addition when suspended in a variety of thermoset(More)