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Oxidation of cysteine pairs to disulfide requires cellular factors present in the bacterial periplasmic space. DsbB is an E. coli membrane protein that oxidizes DsbA, a periplasmic dithiol oxidase. To gain insight into disulfide bond formation, we determined the crystal structure of the DsbB-DsbA complex at 3.7 A resolution. The structure of DsbB revealed(More)
Photosynthetic organisms have a variety of accessory pigments, on which their classification has been based. Despite this variation, it is generally accepted that all chloroplasts are derived from a single cyanobacterial ancestor. How the pigment diversity has arisen is the key to revealing their evolutionary history. Prochlorophytes are prokaryotes which(More)
Human GPR40 receptor (hGPR40), also known as free fatty-acid receptor 1 (FFAR1), is a G-protein-coupled receptor that binds long-chain free fatty acids to enhance glucose-dependent insulin secretion. Novel treatments for type-2 diabetes mellitus are therefore possible by targeting hGPR40 with partial or full agonists. TAK-875, or fasiglifam, is an orally(More)
Radixin is a member of the ERM proteins, which cross-link plasma membranes and actin filaments. The N-terminal FERM domains of ERM proteins interact with Na(+)/H(+)-exchanger regulatory factors (NHERFs), which are PDZ-containing adaptor proteins, to modulate the ion-channel activity. Here, crystals of complexes between the radixin FERM domain and the(More)
Homomorphic encryption for smart grids has been investigated in many studies. It is possible to estimate the total power consumption in an area without knowing the consumption data of individual households. In the case of demand response (DR), it is important to calculate the total electric power consumption in an area because DR reports are published(More)
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