Kenga Sivarajah

Learn More
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (or ErbB1) and the related ErbB4 are transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinases which bind extracellular ligands of the EGF family. ErbB2 and ErbB3 are "co-receptors" structurally related to ErbB1/ErbB4, but ErbB2 is an "orphan" receptor and ErbB3 lacks tyrosine kinase activity. However, both are important in(More)
The mechanism of prostaglandin synthase-dependent (bi)sulfite (hydrated sulfur dioxide) oxidation was investigated using an enzyme preparation derived from ram seminal vesicles. The horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of (bi)sulfite was used as a model system. Incubation of (bi)sulfite with prostaglandin synthase and arachidonic acid,(More)
The peroxidative oxidation of bilirubin has been characterized in the ram seminal vesicle microsomal system. The oxidation was monitored by following the loss in absorbance of bilirubin at 440 nm. Bilirubin behaves as a peroxidase substrate for prostaglandin H synthase. The oxidation may be initiated by the addition of arachidonic acid or peroxides to(More)
Canine tracheal epithelial cells freshly isolated from mongrel dog trachea were used to study relationships between arachidonic acid metabolism and chloride ion movement. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of the cell incubation media after the addition of A23187 showed the presence of prostaglandin H synthase and lipoxygenase-derived(More)
Previous results in various in vitro systems suggest that prostaglandin endoperoxide synthetase (PES) could serve as either an alternative or an additional enzyme to the cytochrome P-450-dependent monooxygenases for the formation of mutagenic, cell-transforming, and DNA-binding metabolites of carcinogens. To test this hypothesis in vivo, we examined the(More)
A community health survey was conducted by the Pennsylvania Department of Health in Londonderry Township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in response to concerns about potential health effects associated with residential exposure to chemical contaminants in well water. The data indicate that there were no observable adverse health effects in the exposed group(More)
Estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), the catechol estrogens 2-OHE1 and 2-OHE2, and diethylstilbestrol (DES) were incubated with purified prostaglandin synthase (PHS) in vitro in the presence of arachidonic acid and their PHS-catalyzed cooxidation was determined. 2-OHE1, 2-OHE2, and DES were extensively metabolized by PHS peroxidase activity, E1 and E2 to a lesser(More)
The metabolism of (+/-)-trans-7,8-dihydroxy-7,8-dihydrobenzo(a)pyrene (BP-7,8-diol) by prostaglandin synthetase and cytochrome P-450-dependent monooxygenases was studied using enriched fractions of Clara cells and alveolar type II cells from rat lung. Arachidonic acid-fortified fractions enriched in Clara cells and alveolar type II cells metabolized(More)
Structural analogs of diethylstilbestrol (DES) with at least one phenolic hydroxyl group are metabolized by prostaglandin H synthase (PHS) from ram seminal vesicle microsomes (RSVM) in vitro in the presence of arachidonic acid (20:4). U.v. spectroscopy revealed the formation of p-quinoid intermediates in incubations of DES, tetrafluoro-DES and(More)