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Background. Antrodia cinnamomea is an edible fungus commonly used in Asia as a well-known medicinal herb capable of treating drug intoxication and liver cancer. Methods. This study evaluated the anticancer activity of its biotechnological product, mycelial fermentation broth (AC-MFB) on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by tetrazolium-based colorimetric assay(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are the major component of tumor-infiltrating leukocytes. TAMs are heterogeneous, with distinct phenotypes influenced by the microenvironment surrounding tumor tissues. Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), a member of the TNFR superfamily, is overexpressed in tumor cells and is capable of modulating host immunity as either a(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS HCV NS5A appears to play an important role in HCV resistance to IFN-alpha but the molecular mechanism is not fully elucidated. Most studies regarding the involvement of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) in inhibition of IFN-alpha signaling by NS5A were performed in non-hepatic cell lines and their relevance may be(More)
BACKGROUND Nanoliposomes are designed as carriers capable of packaging drugs through passive targeting tumor sites by enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effects. In the present study the biodistribution, pharmacokinetics, micro single-photon emission computed tomography (micro-SPECT/CT) image, dosimetry, and therapeutic efficacy of (188)Re-labeled(More)
Nanoliposomes are good drug delivery systems that allow the encapsulation of drugs into vesicles for their delivery. The objective of this study is to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of a new radio-therapeutics of 188Re-labeled pegylated liposome in a C26 murine colon carcinoma solid tumor model. The safety of 188Re-liposome was evaluated before(More)
Co-stimulatory signaling pathway triggered by the binding of B7.1/B7.2 (CD80/86) of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) to CD28 of T cells is required for optimal T-cell activation. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is a negative regulator of T cell activation, which competes with CD28 for B7.1/B7.2 binding with a greater affinity.(More)
Nanoliposomes are important carriers capable of packaging drugs for various delivery applications. Rhenium-188-radiolabeled liposome ((188)Re-liposome) has potential for radiotherapy and diagnostic imaging. To evaluate the targeting of (188)Re-liposome, biodistribution, microSPECT/CT, whole-body autoradiography (WBAR), and pharmacokinetics were performed in(More)
Rhenium-188 (188Re) displays abundant intermediate energy β emission and possesses a physical half-life of 16.9 h. Sorafenib is an orally available multikinase inhibitor that targets Raf kinases and vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs). Sorafenib has demonstrated preclinical and clinical activity against several types of tumors, such as(More)
BACKGROUND Honokiol, a small active molecular compound extracted from magnolia, has recently been shown to inhibit hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in vitro. AIMS This study further characterized aspects of the HCV lifecycle affected by the antiviral functions of honokiol. METHODS The influence of honokiol on HCV infection, entry, translation and(More)
Peritoneal carcinomatosis of intraabdominal malignancies, such as pancreatic, ovarian, gastric, and colorectal cancers, represents an unmet medical need as conventional cancer treatments rarely eliminate these tumors. Satisfactory treatment for either peritoneally disseminated tumors or prevention of local recurrence after surgery is yet to be developed. To(More)