Kendall R. Walker

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We report three heterozygous missense mutations of the skeletal muscle alpha actin gene (ACTA1) in three unrelated cases of congenital fiber type disproportion (CFTD) from Japan and Australia. This represents the first genetic cause of CFTD to be identified and confirms that CFTD is genetically heterogeneous. The three mutations we have identified(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate seven congenital myopathy patients from six families: one French Gypsy, one Spanish Gypsy, four British Pakistanis, and one British Indian. Three patients required mechanical ventilation from birth, five died before 22 months, one is ventilator-dependent, but one, at 30 months, is sitting with minimal support. All parents were(More)
BACE1 (beta-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme 1) is a membrane-tethered member of the aspartyl proteases, essential for the production of beta-amyloid, a toxic peptide that accumulates in the brain of subjects affected by Alzheimer disease. The BACE1 C-terminal fragment contains a DXXLL motif that has been shown to bind the VHS (VPS27, Hrs, and(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in significant disability due to cognitive deficits particularly in attention, learning and memory, and higher-order executive functions. The role of TBI in chronic neurodegeneration and the development of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Amyotrophic Lateral(More)
The mechanism of muscle weakness was investigated in an Australian family with an M9R mutation in TPM3 (alpha-tropomyosin(slow)). Detailed protein analyses of 5 muscle samples from 2 patients showed that nemaline bodies are restricted to atrophied Type 1 (slow) fibers in which the TPM3 gene is expressed. Developmental expression studies showed that(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major risk factor for developing pharmaco-resistant epilepsy. Although disruptions in brain circuitry are associated with TBI, the precise mechanisms by which brain injury leads to epileptiform network activity is unknown. Using controlled cortical impact (CCI) as a model of TBI, we examined how cortical excitability and(More)
The apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) gene leads to increased brain amyloid beta (Aβ) and poor outcome in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, its role in childhood TBI is controversial. We hypothesized that the transgenic expression of human APOE4 worsens the outcome after controlled cortical impact (CCI) in adult but not immature mice. Adult and(More)
Mutations within the human skeletal muscle alpha-actin gene cause three different skeletal muscle diseases. Functional studies of the mutant proteins are necessary to better understand the pathogenesis of these diseases, however, no satisfactory system for the expression of mutant muscle actin proteins has been available. We investigated the baculovirus(More)
A series of novel benzo- and pyrido-1,4-oxazepinones and -thiones which represents a new structural class of compounds possessing H1 antihistaminic activity was synthesized, and the SARs were evaluated. The antihistaminic activity was determined by blockade of histamine-induced lethality in guinea pigs. The sedative potential was determined by comparison of(More)
Golgi-localized γ-ear-containing ARF binding protein 3 (GGA3) is a monomeric clathrin adaptor that has been shown to regulate the trafficking of the Beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme (BACE1), which is required for production of the Alzheimer's disease (AD)-associated amyloid βpeptide. Our previous studies have shown that BACE1 is degraded via the lysosomal(More)