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OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to determine if oxygen delivered through humidified high flow nasal cannulae (HHFNC) reduced the need for escalation in ventilation management and work of breathing in the ED patients presenting with acute undifferentiated shortness of breath compared with standard oxygen therapy. METHODS This was an unblinded(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with severe head injuries, transportation to a trauma centre within the "golden hour" are important markers of trauma system effectiveness but evidence regarding impacts on patient outcomes is limited. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of patient arrival within the golden hour on patient outcomes. METHODS A retrospective cohort of(More)
OBJECTIVES Describe the level of agreement between prehospital (emergency medical service [EMS]) and ED vital signs in a group of trauma patients transported to an inner city Major Trauma Centre. We also sought to determine factors associated with differences in recorded vital sign measurements. METHODS All adult patients meeting trauma triage criteria(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of a senior early assessment model of care on performance measures in a single ED. METHODS A pragmatic single-blinded randomised control trial with day of ED presentation randomised to one of three study arms: senior work-up assessment and treatment (SWAT) model of care intervention, non-SWAT control or control. PRIMARY(More)
OBJECTIVE To contrast long-term population-based trends in general practice (GP) presentations and acute inpatient admissions from the emergency department (ED) in the elderly population within the Greater Sydney Area. METHODS This was a retrospective analysis of population-based ED presentation data over 11 years, between January 2001 and December 2011,(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of the present study were to describe the injury profiles of cyclists presenting to an ED and determine the risk of significant head injury associated with bicycle helmet use. METHODS This was a retrospective single trauma centre study of all adult cyclists presenting to an inner city ED and undergoing a trauma team review(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the performance of a newly implemented prehospital trauma triage (T1) protocol in New South Wales for patients transported to an inner city major trauma centre. METHODS An observational study was conducted over 1 year. Prehospital data and injury characteristics were collected prospectively for all hospital trauma team activations(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study aims to use a statewide population-based registry to assess the prevalence of low acuity emergency department (ED) presentations, describe the trend in presentation rates and to determine whether they were associated with various presentation characteristics such as the type of hospital as well as clinical and demographic(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to describe the general characteristics and data definitions used in a population-based data set of ED presentations in New South Wales (NSW), used to form the basis of future-trend analyses. METHODS Retrospective analysis of the Emergency Department Data Collection registry, which provided clinical and demographic information of(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe trends in population-based rates of ED presentations in the Greater Sydney Area (GSA) and compare these between the elderly and non-elderly age groups. METHODS This was a retrospective study using ED presentation data from all public hospitals in the GSA and population data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics between 2001 and(More)