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BACKGROUND Resveratrol is a natural polyphenolic compound known for its beneficial effects on energy homeostasis, and it also has multiple properties, including anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor activities. Recently, silent information regulator genes (Sirtuins) have been identified as targets of resveratrol. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), originally(More)
It has been well established that estrogen is involved in the pathophysiology of breast cancer. Estrogen receptor (ER) alpha appears to promote the proliferation of cancer tissues, while ERbeta can protect against the mitogenic effect of estrogen in breast tissue. The expression status of ERalpha and ERbeta may greatly influence on the development,(More)
The presence of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γ-H2AX) is associated with the local activation of DNA-damage repair pathways. Although γ-H2AX deregulation in cancer has previously been reported, the molecular mechanism involved and its relationship with other histone modifications remain largely unknown. Here we find that the histone methyltransferase SUV39H2(More)
DS-7423, a novel, small-molecule dual inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), is currently in phase I clinical trials for solid tumors. Although DS-7423 potently inhibits PI3Kα (IC50 = 15.6 nM) and mTOR (IC50 = 34.9 nM), it also inhibits other isoforms of class I PI3K (IC50 values: PI3Kβ = 1,143 nM; PI3Kγ(More)
BACKGROUND The phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K)-AKT pathway is activated in many human cancers and plays a key role in cell proliferation and survival. A mutation (E17K) in the pleckstrin homology domain of the AKT1 results in constitutive AKT1 activation by means of localisation to the plasma membrane. The AKT1 (E17K) mutation has been reported in(More)
PTEN inactivation is the most frequent genetic aberration in endometrial cancer. One of the phosphatase-independent roles of PTEN is associated with homologous recombination (HR) in nucleus. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) plays key roles in the repair of DNA single-strand breaks, and a PARP inhibitor induces synthetic lethality in cancer cells with HR(More)
Mutation of neoplastic tumor suppressor genes, scribble, discs large, and lethal giant larvae (lgl), causes disruption of cell polarity and overproliferation of Drosophila epithelial cells and neuroblasts. Reduced expression of human homologue of lgl, Hugl-1, has been reported to be involved in development and progression of human colon cancer and malignant(More)
Ovarian clear cell carcinoma (CCC) is generally associated with chemoresistance and poor clinical outcome, even with early diagnosis; whereas high-grade serous carcinomas (SCs) and endometrioid carcinomas (ECs) are commonly chemosensitive at advanced stages. Although an integrated genomic analysis of SC has been performed, conclusive views on copy number(More)
Recent developments in genomic analysis have unveiled the key signaling pathways in human cancer. However, only a limited number of molecular-targeted drugs are applicable for clinical use in gynecologic malignancies. TP53 signaling and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase pathways are frequently mutated in cancer, and have received much attention as molecular(More)
5110 Background: PI3K (phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase) /mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway is frequently activated in endometrial cancer through various PI3K/AKT activating genetic alterations, including mutations in PTEN, PIK3CA, and K-Ras. We evaluated the activity of a dual PI3K/mTOR.inhibitor, NVP-BEZ235, and an mTOR inhibitor, RAD001, in(More)