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The mechanisms of homing of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) to sites of ischemia are unclear. Here, we demonstrate that ex vivo-expanded EPCs as well as murine hematopoietic Sca-1+/Lin- progenitor cells express beta2-integrins, which mediate the adhesion of EPCs to endothelial cell monolayers and their chemokine-induced transendothelial migration in(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to evaluate the relationship between coronary endothelial function and neointimal coverage after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. BACKGROUND The mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction after DES implantation remain to be fully elucidated. We hypothesized that poor neointimal coverage after DES implantation may be(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone marrow-derived circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) may contribute to regeneration of infarcted myocardium and enhance neovascularization. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is well-established to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and might, thereby, also increase the pool of endogenously circulating EPC.(More)
OBJECTIVE The neovascularization-related capacities of circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) are impaired in atherosclerotic patients, which may explain the unsatisfactory effects of therapeutic angiogenesis with atherosclerotic patient-derived CACs. Platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) were reported to augment the re-endothelialization capacity of CACs.(More)
Forkhead box O (Foxo) transcription factors are emerging as critical transcriptional integrators among pathways regulating differentiation, proliferation, and survival, yet the role of the distinct Foxo family members in angiogenic activity of endothelial cells and postnatal vessel formation has not been studied. Here, we show that Foxo1 and Foxo3a are the(More)
BACKGROUND Stem and progenitor cell therapy is a novel approach to improve neovascularization and function of ischemic tissue. Enhanced tissue expression of chemoattractant factors such as stromal cell-derived factor 1 and vascular endothelial growth factor is crucial for the recruitment of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) during acute(More)
Infusion of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), but not of mature endothelial cells, promotes neovascularization after ischemia. We performed gene expression profiling of EPC and endothelial cells to identify genes that might be important for the neovascularization capacity of EPC. Notably, the protease cathepsin L (CathL) was highly expressed in EPC as(More)
Although the renin angiotensin system (RAS) is a major regulator of vascular homeostasis, the role of the RAS in tumor angiogenesis is little understood. Here we show that host angiotensin II (ATII) type 1 (AT1) receptor plays an important role in angiogenesis and growth of tumor cells engrafted in mice. Subcutaneous B16-F1 melanoma-induced angiogenesis as(More)
Circulating progenitor cells home to sites of postnatal neovascularization and differentiate into endothelial cells but questions remain regarding the source of these cells. Indeed, a recent study suggests that nonbone marrow-derived cells may be even more important than bone marrow-derived cells in the setting of transplant arteriosclerosis. Thus, we aimed(More)
Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMC) from patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICMP) show a reduced neovascularization capacity in vivo. NO plays an important role in neovascularization, and NO bioavailability is typically reduced in patients with ICMP. We investigated whether the impaired neovascularization capacity of ICMP patient-derived progenitor(More)