Ken-ichi Yamanaka

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Mice and cattle use distinct pathways for the first cell segregation into inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm (TE) lineages at the blastocyst stage. However, limited knowledge is available regarding the reliable transcriptional networks that orchestrate the complex developmental processes at this stage in nonrodent species. In order to elucidate the(More)
Successful cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) requires a reprogramming process in which the epigenetic state of a differentiated donor nucleus must be converted into an embryonic totipotent state. However, this epigenetic reprogramming is incomplete in SCNT embryos, causing low production efficiency. Recently, it has been reported that(More)
Many observations have been made on cloned embryos and on adult clones by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), but it is still unclear whether the progeny of cloned animals is presenting normal epigenetic status. Here, in order to accumulate the information for evaluating the normality of cloned cattle, we analyzed the DNA methylation status on satellite I(More)
Ovarian steroid hormones, progesterone (P4), and estradiol (E2) strictly regulate the endometrial tissue remodeling required for successful embryo implantation. Indian hedgehog (Ihh) is up-regulated by P4 and critically mediates uterine receptivity in the mouse. However, the regulation of Ihh expression during the implantation period still remains unclear.(More)
Oxygen consumption reflects overall metabolic activity of mammalian embryos. We measured oxygen consumption in individual porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and in vitro-fertilized (IVF) embryos by modified scanning electrochemical microscopy. Oxygen consumption in IVF embryos rapidly increased at day 5 of the blastocyst stage (D5BL). IVF embryos(More)
For the successful production of cloned animals by somatic cell nuclear transfer (NT), the epigenetic status of the differentiated donor cell is reversed to an embryonic totipotent status. However, in NT embryos, this process is aberrant, with genomic hypermethylation consistently observed. Here, we investigated the effects of silencing DNA(More)
Although more than 100 imprinted genes have already been identified in the mouse and human genomes, little is known about genomic imprinting in cattle. For a better understanding of these genes in cattle, parthenogenetically activated bovine blastocysts were transferred to recipient cows to obtain parthenotes, and fibroblasts derived from a Day 40 (Day 0(More)
In many animals, cytochalasins have generally been used as cytoskeletal inhibitors for the diploid complement retention of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. However, limited information is available on the effects of cytochalasins on the in vitro development of SCNT embryos. Hence, we compared the effects of cytochalasin B (CB) and cytochalasin(More)
When the nucleus in G0/G1 phase is transferred to an enucleated oocyte by nuclear transfer (NT), its nuclear envelope is broken, followed by condensation of chromosome structure by maturation promoting factor (MPF). This morphological remodeling of the transferred interphase nucleus seems to be essential for subsequent development of NT embryos. In this(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4) is considered a crucial gene in the proper development of bovine embryos. We recently determined the FGF4 gene sequence in eight cattle derived from three breeds and revealed a common nucleotide sequence of the structural gene encoding FGF4, which leads to the deletion and mutation of amino acid sequences in the mature FGF4(More)