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DNA replication stress triggers the activation of Checkpoint Kinase 1 (Chk1) in a pathway that requires the independent chromatin loading of the ATRIP-ATR (ATR-interacting protein/ATM [ataxia-telangiectasia mutated]-Rad3-related kinase) complex and the Rad9-Hus1-Rad1 (9-1-1) clamp. We show that Rad9's role in Chk1 activation is to bind TopBP1, which(More)
AIMS Previous studies have shown that heart rate variability (HRV) measurement is useful in investigating the pathophysiology of various psychiatric disorders. The present study further examined its usefulness in evaluating the mental health of normal subjects with respect to anxiety and depressiveness. METHODS Heart rate (HR) and HRV were measured(More)
Zn²(+)-finger proteins comprise one of the largest protein superfamilies with diverse biological functions. The ATM substrate Chk2-interacting Zn²(+)-finger protein (ASCIZ; also known as ATMIN and ZNF822) was originally linked to functions in the DNA base damage response and has also been proposed to be an essential cofactor of the ATM kinase. Here we show(More)
Periostin, an extracellular matrix protein belonging to the fasciclin family, has been shown to play a critical role in the process of remodeling during tissue/organ development or repair. Periostin functions as a matricellular protein in cell activation by binding to their receptors on cell surface, thereby exerting its biological activities. After we(More)
ATM (ataxia-telangiectasia mutated) is activated by a variety of noxious agent, including oxidative stress, and ATM deficiency results in an anomalous cellular response to oxidative stress. However, the mechanisms for ATM activation by oxidative stress remain to be established. Furthermore, it is not clear whether ATM responds to oxidative DNA damage or to(More)
The retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene (RB) product has been implicated in epigenetic control of gene expression owing to its ability to physically bind to many chromatin modifiers. However, the biological and clinical significance of this activity was not well elucidated. To address this, we performed genetic and epigenetic analyses in an Rb-deficient(More)
The assembly of RAD51 recombinase on DNA substrates at sites of breakage is essential for their repair by homologous recombination repair (HRR). The signaling pathway that triggers RAD51 assembly at damage sites to form subnuclear foci is unclear. Here, we provide evidence that c-ABL, a tyrosine kinase activated by DNA damage which phosphorylates RAD51 on(More)
A cytolysin of ca. 56 kilodaltons has been suggested as a possible virulence factor in Vibrio vulnificus infections. We sequenced the DNA encoding cytolytic activity and found that the sequence contained two open reading frames, vvhA and vvhB. vvhA encoded the structural gene for the cytolysin and contained the N-terminal amino acid sequence previously(More)
In the present study, we examined the possible utility of a three-dimensional culture system using a thermo-reversible gelation polymer to isolate and expand neural stem cells (NSCs). The polymer is a synthetic biologically inert polymer and gelates at temperatures higher than the gel-sol transition point ( approximately 20 degrees C). When fetal mouse(More)