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Neurotoxic properties of L-dopa and dopamine (DA)-related compounds were assessed in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells with reference to their structural relationship. L-Dopa and its metabolites containing two free hydroxyl residues on their benzene ring showed toxicity in the cell, which was prevented by superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reduced glutathione(More)
We examined the effects of the immunosuppressant tacrolimus (FK506) on the discrimination learning impairment induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats. Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion was prepared by permanent ligation of bilateral common carotid arteries for male Wistar rats aged 9 weeks. FK506 (0.05 mg/kg, s.c.) recovered the learning impairment(More)
To elucidate the determinants of the in vivo anti-tumor efficacy of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified liposomal doxorubicin (DOX), we examined its anti-tumor effect against three different tumor cell lines (Lewis lung cancer (LLC), Colon-26 (C26) and B16BL6 melanoma (B16)) in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, LLC was the most sensitive tumor to DOX and(More)
In addition to the set of curved DNA segments isolated previously from Escherichia coli, another set of curved DNA segments has now been isolated. To gain an insight into the functional significance of these curved DNA sequences, systematic analyses were carried out, which included not only mapping of the precise locations of the segments on the E. coli(More)
We previously demonstrated that the E. coli protein, H-NS (or Hla), encoded by the gene hns (or osmZ or bglY preferentially recognizes curved DNA sequences in vitro. In order to gain further insight into the complex function of H-NS and the significance of DNA curvature, we constructed a structurally defined hns deletion mutant on the E. coli chromosome.(More)
We examined the effects of FK506 and its non-immunosuppressive derivative, GPI1046, on H(2)O(2)-induced oxidative cell damage in NG 108-15 cells. Our results suggest that the protective properties of GPI1046 are equipotent with those of FK506 and may be mediated by increased intracellular concentrations of glutathione (GSH). Thus, non-immunosuppressive(More)
We have previously reported that ropinirole, a non-ergot dopamine agonist, has neuroprotective effects against 6-hydroxydopamine in mice based on in vivo antioxidant properties such as the glutathione (GSH)-activating effect. In the present study, we determined that the effects of ropinirole on the level of expression of GSH-related enzyme mRNA, these(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) may play a role in the established processes of learning and memory. We examined the effects of N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME), a nonselective inhibitor of NO synthase (NOS), on the performance of mice in a Y-maze task. L-NAME (100 mg/kg) markedly impaired spontaneous alternation behavior. However, galantamine (0.5 mg/kg)(More)
To clarify the molecular basis of the cytoprotective properties of immunophilin ligands (IPLs), the anti-apoptotic effects of IPLs were determined in human glioma U251 cells. GPI1046 and V10367, non-immunosuppressive IPLs (NI-IPLs), as well as FK506, an immunosuppressive IPL (I-IPL), had cytoprotective effects against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)–induced(More)
We evaluated the in vivo anti-tumor effect of polyethylene glycol-modified liposomal doxorubicin (PEG liposomal DOX) in the DOX-resistant Colon-26 cancer cells (C26/DOX)-bearing mice model. IC(50) value of DOX to C26/DOX in vitro (40.0 microM) was about 250 times higher than that to control C26 (C26/control) (0.15 microM). However, in vivo anti-tumor effect(More)