Ken-ichi Shibuya

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Chromosome 21 is the smallest human autosome. An extra copy of chromosome 21 causes Down syndrome, the most frequent genetic cause of signi®cant mental retardation, which affects up to 1 in 700 live births. Several anonymous loci for monogenic disorders and predispositions for common complex disorders have also been mapped to this chromosome, and loss of(More)
This study examined cerebral deoxygenation during intermittent supramaximal exercise in six healthy male subjects (age: 27.2 +/- 0.6 years (mean +/- S.E.). The subjects performed seven times exercise at an intensity corresponding to 150% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) on cycle ergometer (30 s exercise/15 s rest). Cerebral oxygenation was measured by(More)
There are few observations of the activity of the bilateral motor cortex during prolonged exhaustive motor tasks. Knowing how the motor cortex modulates muscle fatigue or how information about fatigue affects motor cortex activities in healthy humans may help explain why fatigue is so prevalent in patients with neurological disorders. The purpose of the(More)
To examine the cerebral activity of the motor cortex during maximum movement, we measured regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in twelve normal volunteers, using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Repetitive tapping of the right index finger was performed at 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, and 4.5 Hz, and during maximum effort (ME). The relative increase(More)
Using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) techniques, it is possible to examine bilateral motor cortex oxygenation during a static motor task. Cortical activation was assumed to be reflected by increased oxygenation. The purpose of the present study was to examine the time course of oxygenation in the bilateral motor cortex during a low-intensity handgrip(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether knee extension strength gain in middle-aged and elderly persons is associated with improvement in the limits of stability when leaning his/her body in various directions. The resistance training group (EXT; 4 males, 17 females) completed two bilateral knee extension training sessions, consisting of(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of the repetition rate of a simple movement on the magnitude of neuronal recruitment at maximal effort in humans. Nine right-handed healthy subjects [age: 27.4 +/- 4.8 yr, stature: 174.5 +/- 12.2 cm, body-weight 74.3 +/- 16.6 kg (Mean +/- SD)] participated in this study. We measured the regional(More)
It is possible to examine bilateral primary motor cortex (M1) activation during a sustained motor task using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), in which it is assumed that increased oxygenation reflects cortical activation. The purpose of this study was to examine bilateral M1 activation in response to graded levels of force production during a unilateral(More)
It remains unclear whether activation kinetics in the motor cortex area is affected by training. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of training on the motor cortex activation. To accomplish this, the correlation between maximal voluntary contraction and motor cortex (M1) activity was examined. Differences in the motor cortex(More)
Previous studies have investigated the relationship between prefrontal cortex activation and perceived exertion during prolonged exercise. However, the effect of perceived exertion on prefrontal cortex activity is confounded by exercise intensity. Therefore, the changes in prefrontal cortex activity in response to perceived exertion remain unclear. The(More)