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This paper describes the design and implementation of MAJIC, a multi-party videoconferencing system that projects life-size video images of participants onto a large curved screen as if users in various locations are attending a meeting together and sitting around a table. MAJIC also supports multiple eye contact among the participants and awareness of the(More)
Dopamine, acetylcholine, and serotonin, the main modulators of the central nervous system, have been proposed to play important roles in the execution of movement, control of several forms of attentional behavior, and reinforcement learning. While the response pattern of midbrain dopaminergic neurons and its specific role in reinforcement learning have been(More)
TCP Reno congestion control carries two issues. First, its performance is poor in high-speed networks. To solve this TCP Reno drawback, HighSpeed TCP and Scalable TCP were proposed. However, the fairness between these proposed TCP and TCP Reno is not considered , when both connections coexist. Second, TCP Reno connections share bandwidth unfairly, when TCP(More)
For transmitting olfactory information together with audio/visual information in the field of multimedia, it is necessary to control the scent presentation in accordance with the changing images and sounds presented to receivers. However, continuous emission of scents creates problems of lingering scent in air and human olfactory adaptation. To overcome(More)
In this paper, we propose SAVe, a real-time stream authentication scheme for video streams. Each packet in the stream is authenticated to correspond to packet loss seen in UDP-based streaming. Since temporal and spatial compression techniques are adopted for video stream encoding, there are differences in the importance and dependencies between frames.(More)
We propose a streaming authentication scheme for the use over the IP telephony. To clear the strict real-time transmission requirements of the IP telephony, the latency and interval between signatures are adjusted dynamically according to the transmission quality of the network. This provides efficient signing and continuous authentication during real-time(More)
The dopamine system has been implicated in guiding behavior based on rewards. The pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTN) of the brainstem receives afferent inputs from reward-related structures, including the cerebral cortices and the basal ganglia, and in turn provides strong excitatory projections to dopamine neurons. This anatomical evidence predicts(More)