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DNA double-strand breaks represent the most potentially serious damage to a genome; hence, many repair proteins are recruited to nuclear damage sites by as yet poorly characterized sensor mechanisms. Here, we show that NBS1, the gene product defective in Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS), physically interacts with histone, rather than damaged DNA, by direct(More)
Cancer-prone syndrome of premature chromatid separation (PCS syndrome) with mosaic variegated aneuploidy (MVA) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by growth retardation, microcephaly, childhood cancer, premature chromatid separation of all chromosomes, and mosaicism for various trisomies and monosomies. Biallelic BUB1B mutations were(More)
NBS1 (p95), the protein responsible for Nijmegen breakage syndrome, shows a weak homology to the yeast Xrs2 protein at the N terminus region, known as the forkhead-associated (FHA) domain and the BRCA1 C terminus domain. The protein interacts with hMRE11 to form a complex with a nuclease activity for initiation of both nonhomologous end joining and(More)
TopBP1 is involved in DNA replication and DNA damage checkpoint. Recent studies have demonstrated that TopBP1 is a direct positive effecter of ATR. However, it is not known how TopBP1 recognizes damaged DNA. Here, we show that TopBP1 formed nuclear foci after exposure to ionizing radiation, but such TopBP1 foci were abolished in Nijmegen breakage syndrome(More)
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive malformation syndrome characterized by microcephaly, syndactyly of toes, ambiguous genitalia, and mental retardation. The underlying DHCR7 gene has been identified and a wide variety of distinct mutations were reported in USA and European SLOS patients. A significant difference has been suggested(More)
The OPERA experiment was designed to search for ν_{μ}→ν_{τ} oscillations in appearance mode, i.e., by detecting the τ leptons produced in charged current ν_{τ} interactions. The experiment took data from 2008 to 2012 in the CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso beam. The observation of the ν_{μ}→ν_{τ} appearance, achieved with four candidate events in a subsample of(More)
Double-strand breaks occur during DNA replication and are also induced by ionizing radiation. There are at least two pathways which can repair such breaks: non-homologous end joining and homologous recombination (HR). Although these pathways are essentially independent of one another, it is possible that the proteins Mre11, Rad50 and Xrs2 are involved in(More)
Cells from Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) display multiple phenotypes, such as chromosomal instability, hypersensitivity to cell killing from ionizing radiation, and possibly abnormal cell cycle checkpoints. NBS1, a gene mutated in NBS patients, appears to encode a possible repair protein, which could form the foci of a sensor-like molecular complex(More)
is phosphorylated and forms discrete foci immediately (within 5 min) after irradiation [5]; hence, it may represent an earlier signaling response than formation of the complex within 2 hr of irradiation, as detected by anti-hMRE11 antibody (Figure 2A). In the absence of NBS1, 5 Medical and Biological Laboratories Nagano 396-0002 hMRE11 protein was confined(More)
Glioblastoma is characterised by invasive growth and a high degree of radioresistance. Survivin, a regulator of chromosome segregation, is highly expressed and known to induce radioresistance in human gliomas. In this study, we examined the effect of survivin suppression on radiosensitivity in malignant glioma cells, while focusing on centrosome aberration(More)