Ken-ichi Masumura

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Transgenic mutation assays were developed to detect gene mutations in multiple organs of mice or rats. The assays permit (1) quantitative measurements of mutation frequencies in all tissues/organs including germ cells and (2) molecular analysis of induced and spontaneous mutations by DNA sequencing analysis. The protocols of recently developed selections in(More)
Depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer leads to an increase in ambient UV loads, which are expected to raise skin cancer incidences. Tumor development in the skin could be a multistep process in which various genetic alterations, such as point mutations and deletions, occur successively. Here, we demonstrate that UVB irradiation efficiently induces(More)
Gender differences and organ specificity of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP)-induced mutagenesis were examined with the new gptdelta transgenic mouse (T. Nohmi, M. Katoh, H. Suzuki, M. Matsui, M. Yamada, M. Watanabe, M. Suzuki, N. Horiya, O. Ueda, T. Shibuya, H. Ikeda, T. Sofuni, A new transgenic mouse mutagenesis test system using(More)
We have established a new transgenic mouse mutagenicity assay for the efficient detection of point mutations and deletions in vivo (Nohmi et al. [1996] Env. Mol. Mutagen. 28:465-470). In this assay, the gpt gene of Escherichia coli is used as a reporter for the detection of point mutations. Treatment of mice with ethylnitrosourea (ENU, 150 mg/kg) enhances(More)
Ultraviolet light B (UVB)-induced mutagenesis was studied in gpt delta transgenic mice, which contain the lambdaEG10 shuttle vector as a transgene. The mice were exposed to UVB at single doses of 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 kJ/m(2). At 4 weeks after irradiation, the mutant frequencies (MF) of the gpt gene were determined in the epidermis and the dermis, and(More)
Rapidly characterizing the operational interrelationships among all genes in a given organism is a critical bottleneck to significantly advancing our understanding of thousands of newly sequenced microbial and eukaryotic species. While evolving technologies for global profiling of transcripts, proteins, and metabolites are making it possible to(More)
Individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing gastrointestinal cancer. Here, we have tested the possibility that chronic inflammation could trigger mutations. For this, we have used IL-10-deficient (IL-10-/-) mice, which spontaneously develop intestinal inflammation, in combination with a transgenic gpt gene and(More)
Heavy-ion radiation accounts for the major component of absorbed cosmic radiation and is thus regarded as a significant risk during long-term manned space missions. To evaluate the genetic damage induced by heavy particle radiation, gpt delta transgenic mice were exposed to carbon particle irradiation and the induced mutations were compared with those(More)
Recently we reported that the occurrence of lung adenoma caused by 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) was completely prevented by pretreatment of female A/J mice with 8-methoxypsoralen, a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 (P450 or CYP) 2A [Takeuchi et al. (2003) Cancer Res., 63, 7581-7583]. Thus, the aim of this study was to confirm that(More)
Mutations induced by one of the typical dietary mutagens/carcinogens, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), were characterized using gpt delta transgenic mice. This transgenic mouse model has two selection methods to efficiently detect different types of mutations, i.e. 6-thioguanine selection for point mutations and Spi(-) selection for(More)