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Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), a novel gene amplification method, enables the synthesis of larger amounts of both DNA and a visible byproduct--namely, magnesium pyrophosphate--without thermal cycling. A positive reaction is indicated by the turbidity of the reaction solution or the color change after adding an intercalating dye to the(More)
Photoluminescent semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are novel nanometer-size probes that have found bioimaging. Here we imaged a cell line of mouse lymphocytes. QDs were actively taken into the target cells by endocytotic pathways. The fluorescence of QDs held in the endosomes could be studied for more than a week and remained stable luminescence against cell(More)
For the purpose of selecting the efficient dispersion condition of hydrophilic semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) in biological buffers, the dispersion of the QDs mixed with a serum albumin from 9 different species or an ovalbumin was compared by a fluorescence intensity analysis. The QDs mixed with sheep serum albumin (SSA) showed the highest fluorescence of(More)
Taq and Tth DNA polymerases catalyzed polymerization of dATP and dTTP into poly d(A-T) without requiring added primer/template (Hanaki et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 238, 113-118), while the Stoffel fragment of Taq DNA polymerase and delta Tth DNA polymerase with respective deletions of ca. 290 and 250 N-terminal amino acids did not. The(More)
Taq DNA polymerase polymerized dATP and dTTP to poly d(A-T) without requiring added primer/template in the temperature range of 60-70 degrees C. Tth DNA polymerase also catalyzed the reaction, while delta Tth, Vent, Vent(exo-), Pfu, Ultma, BcaBEST, and KOD DNA polymerases did not. The reaction was distinct from the template-nonrequiring terminal(More)
Quantum dots (QDs) such as CdSe QDs have been introduced as new fluorophores. The QDs conjugated with antibody are starting to be widely used for immunostaining. However there is still not sufficient analysis of the toxicity of QDs in the literature. Therefore we evaluated the cell damage caused by the quantum dots for biological applications. We performed(More)
A colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay with hydroxy naphthol blue was designed to amplify a region in the outer membrane lipoprotein (oprL) gene of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The LAMP assay showed 100% specificity for the serogroup and other bacteria, and the sensitivity was 10-fold higher than that of the PCR assays. The LAMP assay(More)
We have investigated the growth dynamics of Bacillus circulans colony exhibiting the knotted-branching pattern by swarming on a hard agar medium. The knotted-branching pattern consists of many circular clusters, so-called subcolonies, and their trajectories. We analysed the processes of a subcolony because they are presumably the key elements for the(More)
The 441-nucleotide (nt) region (nt 5325 to 5766) around the splice acceptor (SA) site (nt 5491) was found to be necessary for high-level expression of gag-containing unspliced RNA of Moloney murine leukemia virus (M. Oshima, T. Odawara, T. Matano, H. Sakahira, K. Kuchino, A. Iwamoto, and H. Yoshikura, J. Virol. 70:2286-2295, 1996). Detailed genetic(More)