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Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the two common forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), affect over 2.5 million people of European ancestry, with rising prevalence in other populations. Genome-wide association studies and subsequent meta-analyses of these two diseases as separate phenotypes have implicated previously unsuspected mechanisms, such(More)
We consider how to construct and maintain a structured overlay P2P network based on the small-world paradigm. Two main attractive properties of a small-world network are (1) a low average hop distance between any two randomly chosen nodes, and (2) a high clustering coefficient. A network with a low average hop distance implies small latency for object(More)
A synthetic heptapeptide from the amino terminus of the beta chain in human fibrin was used as an antigen to produce monoclonal antibodies that bind to fibrin even in the presence of human fibrinogen at the concentration found in plasma. As expected, the antifibrin activity was inhibited by the peptide antigen but not by a control heptapeptide. In a chicken(More)
The Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) population is a genetic isolate close to European and Middle Eastern groups, with genetic diversity patterns conducive to disease mapping. Here we report high-depth sequencing of 128 complete genomes of AJ controls. Compared with European samples, our AJ panel has 47% more novel variants per genome and is eightfold more effective(More)
We examined the effects of hypoxia on the release of dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) from rat pheochromocytoma 12 (PC-12) cells and assessed the involvement of Ca2+ and protein kinases in stimulus-secretion coupling. Catecholamine release was monitored by microvoltammetry using a carbon fiber electrode as well as by HPLC coupled with electrochemical(More)
In this paper, we consider how to " construct " and " maintain " an overlay structured P2P network based on the " small-world paradigm ". Two main attractive properties of a small-world network are (1) low average hop distance between any two randomly chosen nodes and, (2) high clustering coefficient. A network with a low average hop distance implies a(More)
The Ashkenazi Jewish population has a several-fold higher prevalence of Crohn's disease (CD) compared with non-Jewish European ancestry populations and has a unique genetic history. Haplotype association is critical to CD etiology in this population, most notably at NOD2, in which three causal, uncommon and conditionally independent NOD2 variants reside on(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in immune-mediated diseases have identified over 150 associated genomic loci. Many of these loci play a role in T cell responses, and regulation of T cell differentiation plays a critical role in immune-mediated diseases; however, the relationship between implicated disease loci and T cell differentiation is(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Defects in intestinal innate defense systems predispose patients to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases in the mucosal barrier maintain gut homeostasis and defend against pathogenic attack. We hypothesized that molecular genetic defects in(More)