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Species of the genus Streptomyces, which constitute the vast majority of taxa within the family Streptomycetaceae, are a predominant component of the microbial population in soils throughout the world and have been the subject of extensive isolation and screening efforts over the years because they are a major source of commercially and medically important(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletal myoblast transplantation is promising for the treatment of end-stage heart failure. Direct intramyocardial injection is useful for local cell delivery but may not be effective in global dissemination of cells into the heart, which would be advantageous in treating generalized cardiac dysfunction as in dilated cardiomyopathy. We(More)
A novel therapeutic strategy for phenylketonuria (PKU) has been initiated in Japan. A total of 12 patients who met the criteria for tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4))-responsive hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) with a mutant phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) (EC 1.14.16.1) gene were recruited at 12 medical centers in Japan between June 1995 and July 2001. Therapeutic(More)
Survival and proliferation of skeletal myoblasts within the cardiac environment are crucial to the therapeutic efficacy of myoblast transplantation to the heart. We have analyzed the early dynamics of myoblasts implanted into the myocardium and investigated the mechanisms underlying graft attrition. At 10 min after implantation of [14C]thymidine-labeled(More)
A rare intracerebral granular cell tumor (GCT) was studied by immunocytochemical and ultrastructural methods. The tumor was composed of two cell types--filament-rich and granular cells. Granular cells contained PAS-positive, diastase-resistant granules that ultrastructurally corresponded to autophagic cytosegresomes. Glial fibrillary acidic protein, the(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a promising reagent for inducing myocardial angiogenesis. Skeletal myoblast transplantation has been shown to improve cardiac function in chronic heart failure models by regenerating muscle. We hypothesized that transplantation of VEGF-expressing myoblasts could effectively treat acute myocardial(More)
Fabry disease is an X-linked genetic disorder caused by a deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A (GLA) activity. As enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) involving recombinant GLAs has been introduced for this disease, a useful biomarker for diagnosis and monitoring of therapy has been strongly required. We measured globotriaosylsphingosine (lyso-Gb3) and(More)
BACKGROUND Heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) is known to provide myocardial protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury by its chaperoning function. Target molecules of this effect are presumed to include not only structural proteins but also other self-preservation proteins. The details, however, remain unknown. Manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) is an(More)
An important factor to determine the success of stem cell therapy to the heart is the choice of cell delivery route. This will affect the fate of donor cells and subsequently influence the outcome of treatment; however, there is currently no optimum cell delivery route appropriate for every disease condition or every donor cell type. This review summarises(More)
RATIONALE Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-β/δ is a transcription factor that belongs to the PPAR nuclear hormone receptor family, but the role of PPAR-β/δ in sepsis is unknown. OBJECTIVES We investigated the role of PPAR-β/δ in murine models of LPS-induced organ injury and dysfunction and cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced(More)