Ken Sugata

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Systemic rotavirus infection, such as rotavirus antigenemia, has been found in immunocompetent rotavirus gastroenteritis patients. However, the pathogenesis of rotavirus infection in immunocompromised transplant recipients remains unclear. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure rotavirus antigen levels in serially collected serum samples(More)
Two genetic diagnosis systems using reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) technology were evaluated: one for detecting the HA gene of the pandemic influenza A/H1N1 2009 virus (H1pdm RT-LAMP) and the other for detecting the matrix gene of the influenza A virus (TypeA RT-LAMP). The competence of these two RT-LAMP assay kits(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to examine the association between rotavirus antigenemia and clinical features, particularly extraintestinal manifestations, and the association between serum cytokine levels and rotavirus antigen quantity. METHODS Sixty hospitalized children who received a diagnosis of acute rotavirus gastroenteritis were enrolled in(More)
In order to assess the full spectrum of human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A)- and HHV-6B-associated diseases, we sought to develop an HHV-6 species-specific serological assay based on immunoblot analysis. The immunodominant proteins encoded by open reading frame U11, p100 for HHV-6A (strain U1102) and 101K for HHV-6B (strain Z29), were selected to generate virus(More)
Although it has been demonstrated that human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) reactivation generally occurs approximately 2-3 weeks after transplantation in the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients, the mechanism of viral reactivation remains unclear. To explore the relationship between HHV-6 reactivation and plasma cytokine levels, 24 HSCT(More)
The monitoring of active human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) B infection is important for distinguishing between the reactivation and latent state of the virus. The aim of this present study is to develop a quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay for diagnosis of active viral infection. Primers and probes for in house(More)
Human herpesvirus-6B (HHV-6B) encephalitis can clinically manifest as hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome (HSES), acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD), and acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE). To compare the underlying pathophysiology, we measured several biomarkers of interest in patients with these(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogenesis of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) encephalitis, in particular difference between HHV-6 encephalitis at the time of primary infection and reactivation remains unclear. OBJECTIVES To elucidate the mechanism of HHV-6 encephalitis at the time of primary infection and reactivation. STUDY DESIGN Twenty-two HHV-6 encephalitis patients at(More)
The aims of this study were to elucidate the kinetics of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA load in serially collected peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with primary EBV infection, and to determine the correlated host factors. Blood samples were collected from 24 patients with primary EBV infection. EBV DNA copy numbers were measured using real-time(More)
Severe pneumonia and leukocytosis are characteristic, frequently observed, clinical findings in pediatric patients with pandemic A/H1N1/2009 influenza virus infection. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of cytokines and chemokines in complicating pneumonia and leukocytosis in patients with pandemic A/H1N1/2009 influenza virus infection.(More)