Ken Shinmura

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Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is known to mediate the cardioprotective effects of the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC); however, the signaling pathways involved in COX-2 induction following ischemic PC are unknown. In addition, although inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has been identified as a co-mediator of late PC together with COX-2, the(More)
BACKGROUND Decrease in lacrimal gland secretory function is related to age-induced dry eye disease. Lactoferrin, the main glycoprotein component of tears, has multiple functions, including anti-inflammatory effects and the promotion of cell growth. We investigated how oral administration of lactoferrin affects age-related lacrimal dysfunction. METHODS AND(More)
Aldose reductase (AR), a member of the aldo-keto reductase superfamily, has been shown to metabolize toxic aldehydes generated by lipid peroxidation, suggesting that it may serve as an antioxidant defense. To investigate its role in the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC), conscious rabbits underwent 6 cycles of 4-minute coronary occlusion/4-minute(More)
BACKGROUND Although NO has been shown to serve both as the trigger and the mediator of the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC), it is unknown whether NO acts via activation of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). The objective of this study was to investigate the role of sGC in late PC in conscious rabbits using the selective sGC inhibitor(More)
Opioids confer biphasic (early and late) cardioprotection against myocardial infarction by opening mitochondrial K ATP channels. It is unknown whether cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which mediates ischemia-induced late preconditioning, also mediates opioid-induced cardioprotection. Isolated perfused rat hearts were subjected to 20 min of global ischemia followed(More)
The biology of aging has not been fully clarified, but the free radical theory of aging is one of the strongest aging theories proposed to date. The free radical theory has been expanded to the oxidative stress theory, in which mitochondria play a central role in the development of the aging process because of their critical roles in bioenergetics, oxidant(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) remodeling leads to chronic heart failure and is a main determinant of morbidity and mortality after myocardial infarction (MI). At the present time, therapeutic options to prevent LV remodeling are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS We created a large MI by permanent ligation of the coronary artery and identified a potential(More)
Although previous studies suggested that the protection of late preconditioning (PC) against myocardial stunning is mediated by nitric oxide (NO), direct evidence that exogenous administration of NO attenuates myocardial stunning is lacking. Furthermore, although exogenous NO administration was shown to elicit a late PC phase, it is unknown whether NO(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that the adenosine A1 receptor agonist 2-chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA) and the adenosine A3 receptor agonist N6-(3-iodobenzyl)adenosine-5'-N-methyluronamide (IB-MECA) produce a delayed phase of protection against infarction similar to the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC). However, the mechanism for(More)
Although protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) signaling has been implicated in the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC), it is unknown whether PTK signaling is necessary for the development of nitric oxide (NO) donor-induced late PC. Thus conscious rabbits underwent a sequence of six 4-min coronary occlusion (O)/4-min reperfusion (R) cycles followed by a(More)