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The well-studied methods of current source density analysis use the Laplacian transform to identify locations and relative magnitudes of current sources and sinks. The method is typically used in reduced one-dimensional form for electrophysiological measures, due to technical limitations. The present paper outlines a two-dimensional method in which(More)
In vitro neuronal damage has traditionally been evaluated by biochemical or anatomical but not by electrophysiological techniques. In the present study, we combined two newly developed technologies, an 8 x 8 multi-electrode array (MED-64) and cultured hippocampal slices, to demonstrate the potential use of electrophysiological measures as index of neuronal(More)
Continuous current source densities were calculated in two dimensions (proximo-distal vs. medio-lateral) from slices of hippocampal field CA1 placed on a 64-electrode array in the presence of GABA blockers. The synaptic sink generated by stimulation of the Schaffer-commissural fibers spread across the extent of field CA1 within the same sublamina of the(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) was elicited by high frequency stimulation in hippocampal slices cultured on multi-electrode arrays. LTP lasting more than 1 h was recorded in 75% of slices, and a significant number of slices exhibited a non-decaying LTP that lasted more than 48 h. LTP induction was completely and reversibly blocked by an antagonist of the NMDA(More)
Gastrointestinal (GI) motility is well organized. GI muscles act as a functional syncytium to achieve physiological functions under the control of neurones and pacemaker cells, which generate basal spontaneous pacemaker electrical activity. To date, it is unclear how spontaneous electrical activities are coupled, especially within a micrometre range. Here,(More)
A single-step electrochemical immunochromatography has been developed: the device was based on two pieces of nitrocellulose membrane, a sample pad with anti-mouse IgG antibody labeled with glucose oxidase (GOx-labeled antibody), a conjugate pad with glucose, and a Pt working electrode. Either antibody or antigen was immobilized on the membrane. The addition(More)
We report on a biosensor for cocaine based on the conformation change of DNA aptamer by capturing the cocaine molecules. The oxidation current of ferrocene conjugated on the terminal end of aptamer immobilized on an Au electrode increased with increasing cocaine concentration. The sensor response has been improved by a simple heat treatment after(More)
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