Learn More
The status of beta-adrenergic receptors and adenylyl cyclase in crude membranes from both left and right ventricles was examined when the left coronary artery in rats was occluded for 4, 8, and 16 wk. The adenylyl cyclase activity in the presence of isoproterenol was decreased in the uninfarcted (viable) left ventricle and increased in the right ventricle(More)
The effects of insulin and thyroid hormone treatments on cardiac sarcoplasmic reticular function were investigated in chronic streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats. ATP-dependent Ca2+ transport and Ca2+-stimulated ATPase activities were depressed significantly in microsomal samples from diabetic rats in comparison with control (P less than 0.05). This(More)
The ability of hearts to store, distribute, and release norepinephrine (NE) was investigated in rats 8 wk after the induction of diabetes by an injection of streptozotocin (65 mg/kg iv). Chronic diabetes was associated with increased content and concentration of NE in heart and in other tissues such as kidney, brain, and spleen. Reserpine or tyramine(More)
OBJECTIVE Earlier studies have revealed sarcolemmal (SL) defects in congestive heart failure due to myocardial infarction; however, the mechanisms of SL changes in the failing heart are poorly understood. Since congestive heart failure is associated with various metabolic abnormalities including a deficiency of carnitine, we examined the effects of(More)
Although congestive heart failure subsequent to myocardial infarction is known to be associated with increased sympathetic activity, very little information regarding changes in the sympathetic nerves in the left and right ventricles at various stages after infarction is available. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to coronary artery ligation and(More)
This study investigated alterations in glycogen, catecholamines, and the function of various subcellular membranes of the heart after exhaustive swimming in rats. The rats were exhausted by daily exercise over 1, 3, or 7 consecutive days. Glycogen content of the heart and three selected skeletal muscles was depleted after a single bout of exhaustive(More)
Cardiac norepinephrine turnover and metabolism were examined in rats 8 weeks after the induction of chronic diabetes by an intravenous injection of streptozotocin (65 mg/kg). Cardiac norepinephrine concentration, norepinephrine turnover, and norepinephrine uptake were markedly increased in chronic diabetes in comparison with control values; these changes(More)
Heart sarcolemmal membranes were isolated by the sucrose density gradient method from rats with chronic diabetes induced by a streptozotocin (65 mg/kg iv) injection. Na+-dependent Ca2+-uptake activities were significantly depressed in diabetic sarcolemmal membranes; such alterations were evident at different incubation times and at different concentrations(More)
The occurrence of excessive catecholamine release is often associated with stress due to the lifestyle of Western societies. Contrary to the general thinking that excess catecholamines produce cardiotoxicity mainly via binding to adrenoceptors, there is increasing evidence that catecholamine-induced deleterious actions may also occur through oxidative(More)
A chronically increased rate of catecholamine release has various deleterious actions. Isoproterenol injections (80 mg/kg body weight) resulted in depressed Ca2+ transport in the sarcolemma (ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake, Na(+)-dependent Ca2+ uptake) and sarcoplasmic reticulum (Ca2+ uptake) of rat heart. The formation of malondialdehyde owing to lipid(More)