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1. ATP-activated inward current in PC12 pheochromocytoma cells was characterized using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique. 2. ATP (100 microM) applied extracellular elicited an inward rectifying current with a reversal potential of about +7 mV. The current was desensitized in seconds in spite of continued presence of ATP. 3. A comparison was made of the(More)
Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was used for the measurement of regional cerebral blood volume (CBV) and hematocrit (Hct) in normal healthy human volunteers (mean age 30 +/- 8 years). Regional cerebral red blood cell (RBC) volume and plasma volume were determined separately and their responses to carbon dioxide were investigated. Ten(More)
1. Effects of substance P (SP) and other tachykinins on membrane currents were investigated using whole cell voltage clamp in cultured sensory neurons isolated from rat dorsal root ganglia. 2. SP (100 nM) evoked an inward current in two-thirds of the cells at negative potentials. In most of the cells that generated the inward current in response to SP,(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiologists have recently recognized a reversible form of heart failure of unknown origin characterized by a takotsubo-shaped hypokinesis of the left ventricle on left ventriculography. AIM To clarify the clinical features of this cardiomyopathy. DESIGN Observational study. METHODS Seven patients with reversible ventricular dysfunction(More)
We have investigated the effects of Ca2+ on Na+ influx through ATP-activated channels in pheochromocytoma PC12 cells using single channel current recordings. Under cell-attached patch-clamp conditions with 150 mM Na+ and 2 mM Ca2+ in the pipette, the unitary current activity showed an open level of about -4.3 pA at -150 mV. The channel opening was(More)
To examine whether motor commands of two or more distinct laryngeal motor patterns converge onto a common premotor network, we conducted dual recordings from the laryngeal adductor motoneuron and its premotor neuron within the brainstem respiratory circuitry during fictive breathing, coughing, sneezing, and swallowing in decerebrate paralyzed cats.(More)
Modification of voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels by hydrogen peroxide, a membrane-permeable form of reactive oxygen species, in cultured dentate granule cells was examined using the whole cell patch clamp technique. Pretreatment with hydrogen peroxide (1 and 10 microM) for 2 h enhanced the Ca(2+) current without affecting its voltage dependence. The(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the neuromuscular control during shortening (SHO) and lengthening (LEN) contractions by investigating the input-output (I/O) property in the corticospinal tract. To this end, the relation between various stimulus intensities applied via transcranial magnetic stimulation and the size of motor evoked potentials(More)
Xenoestrogens are man-made compounds that mimic the actions of estrogens through interactions with estrogen receptors (ERs). Although xenoestrogens have received a great deal of attention as possible causes of brain disfunctions, little information concerning the effects of xenoestrogens on the central nervous system is available. In this study, we(More)