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We report 2 cases of lattice corneal dystrophy type III and gelatinous drop-like corneal dystrophy predominantly manifested in one eye. These 2 corneal dystrophies are found frequently in Japan. The case of lattice corneal dystrophy type III is the second, and the case of gelatinous drop-like corneal dystrophy is the first report at this time.
BACKGROUND In approximately 60% of infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH), ventricular dilation resolves by unknown intrinsic mechanisms, without the need for a shunt operation. A pathological hallmark of PHH is extensive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in the subarachnoid space. Our previous study revealed that matrix(More)
The cerebrospinal fluid matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activities were measured in infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus to elucidate the intrinsic mechanism for the resolution of ventricular dilation. Increased MMP-9 activities were observed in the patients who escaped a shunt operation, suggesting its potential contribution to the resolution of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A thrombosed dural sinus malformation (DSM) is a rare condition, the clinical features of which have not yet been completely characterized. Here, we describe the clinical course of a patient with a thrombosed DSM and discuss the outcomes in live birth cases from a review of the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION An ultrasonography(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, a cytokine released into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), stimulates the expression of the components of the extracellular matrix (ECM), which causes progressive ventricular dilatation by impaired CSF absorption. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), a proteinase involved in the(More)
Between November 1996 and January 1997, 14 patients were diagnosed as having infection caused by adenovirus type 7 in a paediatric ward of Asahikawa Kosei Hospital. The age range of the patients was from two months to five years. Their diseases and abnormal laboratory findings were pneumonia in all 14, leukocytopenia in 10, myositis in nine, gastroenteritis(More)
BACKGROUND As the presence of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) affects the accuracy of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) analysis methods, HbA1c measurement may not be a good indicator for patients with neonatal diabetes mellitus, whereas glycated albumin (GA) may be a good indicator. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether total glycated hemoglobin (GHb) or HbF-adjusted HbA1c(More)
OBJECTIVE Little data are available on airway humidity during high-frequency ventilation (HFV). Our purpose is to evaluate the airway humidification during HFV. METHODS We examined the airway humidification and temperature in a neonatal HFV system using Babylog 8000 plus. The absolute humidity (AH), relative humidity (RH), and temperature at different(More)
BACKGROUND Glycated albumin (GA) reflects glycemic control in patients with neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM). However, GA in NDM patients is apparently low in relation to glycemia. OBJECTIVE To establish the reference intervals for GA in healthy infants. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Fifty-eight healthy, full-term newborn infants were used to define the GA(More)
Short-rib polydactyly syndrome type III is an autosomal recessive lethal skeletal ciliopathy, which is phenotypically similar to nonlethal asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy. Mutations in DYNC2H1 have been identified in both of these disorders, indicating that they are variants of a single disorder. However, short-rib polydactyly syndrome type III is the more(More)