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A novel hypotensive peptide was discovered in human pheochromocytoma by monitoring the elevating activity of platelet cAMP. Since this peptide is abundant in normal adrenal medulla as well as in pheochromocytoma tissue arising from adrenal medulla, it was designated "adrenomedullin". The peptide, consisting of 52 amino acids, has one intramolecular(More)
BACKGROUND PAR-6, aPKC and PAR-3 are polarity proteins that co-operate in the establishment of cell polarity in Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila embryos. We have recently shown that mammalian aPKC is required for the formation of the epithelia-specific cell-cell junctional structure. We have also revealed that a mammalian PAR-6 forms a ternary complex(More)
Actomyosin, a complex of actin filaments and myosin motor proteins, is responsible for force generation during muscle contraction. To resolve the individual mechanical events of force generation by actomyosin, we have developed a new instrument with which we can capture and directly manipulate individual myosin subfragment-1 molecules using a scanning(More)
Recent clinical studies in China showed that As2O3 is an effective and relatively safe drug in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We found previously that As2O3 can trigger apoptosis of APL cell line NB4 cells, which is associated with downregulation of bcl-2 gene expression and modulation of PML-RAR alpha chimeric protein. To further(More)
Annelids are strongly segmented animals that display a high degree of metamerism in their body plan. The embryonic origin of metameric segmentation was examined in an oligochaete annelid Tubifex using lineage tracers. Segmental organization arises sequentially in the anterior-to-posterior direction along the longitudinal axis of the mesodermal germ band, a(More)
As in other clitellate annelids, embryonic development in the oligochaete Tubifex is characterized by the generation of five bilateral pairs of teloblasts (designated M, N, O, P and Q), which serve as embryonic stem cells to produce germ bands on either side of the embryo. A large part of the tissues comprising body segments has been assigned to the(More)
Adrenomedullin is a novel hypotensive peptide recently isolated from human pheochromocytoma. Since a high concentration of immunoreactive adrenomedullin was found in pheochromocytoma tissue, the cDNA library of pheochromocytoma was constructed, and the cDNA clone encoding an adrenomedullin precursor was isolated and sequenced. The precursor for human(More)
Proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP) is a candidate for a novel biologically active peptide processed from an adrenomedullin precursor. Using a radioimmunoassay for human PAMP, major and minor immunoreactive PAMPs were purified from porcine adrenal medulla and complete amino acid sequences were determined. The major immunoreactive peptide was PAMP(More)
Range-wide genetic variation of the widespread cold-temperate spruce Picea jezoensis was studied throughout northeast Asia using maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA and paternally inherited chloroplast DNA markers. This study assessed 33 natural populations including three varieties of the species in Japan, Russia, China, and South Korea. We depicted(More)
A specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay for human adrenomedullin has been developed and distribution and characterization of immunoreactive adrenomedullin in human tissue were investigated. The radioimmunoassay specifically recognizes its carboxyterminal region and half maximal inhibition of binding of radioiodinated adrenomedullin(40-52)NH2 was observed(More)