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OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of interferon therapy for chronic hepatitis C among habitual drinkers. METHODS Ninety-five hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid-positive patients with chronic hepatitis were treated with four standardized regiments of interferon. Patients were divided into four groups based on the degree of daily alcohol consumption and(More)
To assess the clinical significance of angiogenesis in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), we examined vessel density immunohistochemically in 44 primary oral SCCs using the JC-70A antibody which reacts specifically with vascular endothelial cells. In addition, the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors, KDR, Flt-1 and(More)
Apical extracellular matrix filling the lumen controls the morphology and geometry of epithelial tubes during development, yet the regulation of luminal protein composition and its role in tube morphogenesis are not well understood. Here we show that an endosomal-retrieval machinery consisting of Rab9, retromer and actin nucleator WASH (Wiskott-Aldrich(More)
The development of tubular organs often involves the hollowing of cells into a torus (doughnut shape), as observed in blood vessel formation in vertebrates and tracheal development in insects. During the fusion of Drosophila tracheal branches, fusion cells located at the tip of migrating branches contact each other and form intracellular luminal cavities on(More)
The effect of alcohol intake on the efficacy of interferon (IFN) therapy was evaluated retrospectively in patients with chronic hepatitis C diagnosed by liver histology and positive serum hepatitis C virus (HCV)-RNA. Patients included 119 given IFN therapy and 11 no IFN therapy. Serum HCV-RNA was measured 6 months after discontinuation of IFN therapy in 92(More)
Recent studies have revealed that a cilium-generated liquid flow in the node has a crucial role in the establishment of the left-right (LR) axis in the mouse. In fish, Kupffer's vesicle (KV), a teleost-specific spherical organ attached to the tail region, is known to have an equivalent role to the mouse node during LR axis formation. However, at present,(More)
An enzyme that can synthesize O-alkylhomoserine from alcohols and O-acetylhomoserine was purified from Corynebacterium acetophilum. The enzyme was found to be identical to O-acetylhomoserine sulfhydrylase; a preparation that appeared homogeneous on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed both O-alkylhomoserine-synthesizing and O-acetylhomoserine(More)
We have isolated and characterized a ventralized mutant in medaka (the Japanese killifish; Oryzias latipes), which turned out to have a mutation in the chordin gene. The mutant exhibits ventralization of the body axis, malformation of axial bones, over-bifurcation of yolk sac blood vessels, and laterality defects in internal organs. The mutant exhibits(More)
Fifty-five beats of fusion waves were recorded continuously with an audio digital tape and the tape was re-played for analysis. A 45-year-old male (56 kg, 175 cm) with cervical spondylosis was scheduled to undergo laminoplasty of the cervical vertebral (C2-C6). A temporal ventricular (VVI mode) pacing lead was inserted from the right cubital vein to the(More)
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