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PURPOSE We demonstrated that vaccination with irradiated tumor cells engineered to secrete granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) stimulates potent, specific, and long-lasting antitumor immunity in multiple murine models and patients with metastatic melanoma. To test whether this vaccination strategy enhances antitumor immunity in(More)
The identification of antigens associated with tumor destruction is a major goal of cancer immunology. Vaccination with irradiated tumor cells engineered to secrete granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor generates potent, specific, and long-lasting antitumor immunity through improved tumor antigen presentation by dendritic cells and macrophages. A(More)
PURPOSE Vaccination with irradiated, autologous melanoma cells engineered to secrete granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) by retroviral-mediated gene transfer generates potent antitumor immunity in patients with metastatic melanoma. Further clinical development of this immunization scheme requires simplification of vaccine manufacture.(More)
The 1993 robot competition consisted of three distinct events: (1) Escape from the Office, (2) Office Delivery, and (3) Office Rearrangement. The unifying theme for these events was autonomous robotics in realistic office environments. In the first event, Escape from the Office, the objective was to maneuver out of a confined space, simultaneously avoiding(More)
Multiple clinical trials have shown the efficacy of adoptively transferred allogeneic antigen-specific T cells for the treatment of viral infections and relapsed hematologic malignancies. In contrast, the therapeutic potential of autologous antigen-specific T cells has yet to be established since it has been technically difficult to generate sufficient(More)
Treatment guidelines for management of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are controversial because existing evidence from randomized clinical trials do not address many important clinical questions. Data from Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) has been used to profile first line therapy choices, but this work did not elucidate the factors underlying deviations(More)
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