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Centromere that plays a pivotal role in chromosome segregation is composed of repetitive elements in many eukaryotes. Although chromosomal regions containing repeats are the hotspots of rearrangements, little is known about the stability of centromere repeats. Here, by using a minichromosome that has a complete set of centromere sequences, we have developed(More)
We investigated progressive telomere shortening in normal human epidermis and lingual epithelium during aging, and attempted, in particular, to ascertain whether the telomere shortening that accompanies aging occurs at the same rate in different tissues. We studied telomeric DNA integrity, and estimated annual telomere loss, in 52 specimens of epidermis and(More)
Critically shortened, dysfunctional telomeres may play a role in the genetic instabilities commonly found in cancer. We analyzed 30 surgical specimens of invasive breast carcinoma from women aged 34 to 91 years and estimated telomere lengths as telomere-to-centromere ratio values in the 5 different cell types comprising breast tissue in order to clarify(More)
In the past decade, the serum free light chain (FLC) immunoassays have become widely available enabling greater sensitivity in the diagnosis and management of monoclonal light chain diseases. Here, we describe a rare case of serum free light chain only myeloma with cytoplasmic IgM. A 75-year-old woman presented with a progressively worsening lumbosacral(More)
BACKGROUND A great deal of attention has been focused on telomeres in relation to cellular aging, immortality, and cancer. However, there is no simple link between telomeres and tissue turnover. We recently proposed a hypothesis that telomere shortening with aging and telomere lengths in different organs are characteristic for human individuals. METHODS(More)
Progressive telomere shortening with aging was studied using normal esophageal mucosal specimens from 177 human subjects aged between 0 and 102 years (yrs). We observed age-related shortening of the telomere, at a rate of 60 base pairs (bp) per year (yr). The mean telomere length of 12 neonates was 15.2 kilobase pairs (kbp) and that of 2 centenarians was(More)
We monitored the telomere lengths and chromosomal instability characteristics of fibroblasts at different population doubling levels (PDLs) to gain further insight into the role of telomere shortening in chromosomal instability. We used 7 normal diploid human fibroblast strains (TIG-1, 3, 7, 103, 104, 112, and 114) and a quantitative fluorescence in situ(More)
We developed a novel method for evaluating telomere length in 6 cell types of noncancerous and cancerous mucosal tissues from 11 cases of gastric neoplasm using the quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization method with telomere and centromere peptide nucleic acid probes. Our telomere length estimates were determined from the background-corrected(More)
To clarify the significance of hMLH1 promoter hypermethylation in the development of medullary-type poorly differentiated colorectal adenocarcinoma, we studied the status of promoter methylation and hMLH1 expression in 23 medullary-type and 12 pleomorphic-type carcinomas, as well as the pathology and microsatellite status. In medullary-type carcinomas, the(More)
We investigated the telomere lengths of individual cell types in lingual mucosa using an improved tissue quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization (Q-FISH) method. Our tissue Q-FISH method compensates for partially cut nuclei in a tissue section by using the telomere:centromere ratio (TCR). We normalized our TCR measurements (NTCR) using a section(More)