Ken Ichi Arai

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The effectiveness of subsegmental transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) therapy for small hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) was retrospectively analyzed. TAE was performed in 100 patients with liver cirrhosis. There was a total of 124 nodular-type HCCs less than 4 cm in diameter. TAE was performed by injecting a mixture of iodized oil and anticancer(More)
Although thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is a stroke therapy approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, its efficacy may be limited by neurotoxic side effects. Recently, proteolytic damage involving matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated. In experimental embolic stroke models, MMP inhibitors decreased cerebral(More)
The receptors for IL-3, GM-CSF, and IL-5 share a common beta subunit (beta c), and mice have an additional IL-3 beta subunit (beta IL3). We have independently generated mice carrying null mutations of each molecule. beta c mutant bone marrow showed no response to GM-CSF or IL-5, whereas IL-3 stimulation of beta c or beta IL3 mutant bone marrow was normal.(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc7 kinase is essential for initiation of DNA replication, and Hsk1, a related kinase of Schizosaccharomyces pombe, is also required for DNA replication of fission yeast cells. We report here cDNAs encoding Cdc7-related kinases from human and Xenopus (huCdc7 and xeCdc7, respectively). The cloned cDNA for huCdc7 contains an open(More)
The effect of human recombinant interleukin 4 (IL-4) on antibody production by normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells enriched for B cells was investigated. IL-4 preferentially induced IgE synthesis in vitro. In addition, a low induction of IgG production was observed, whereas IL-4 had no effect on IgA and IgM synthesis. The IL-4-induced IgE production(More)
Differentiation of hepatocellular carcinomas from adenomatous hyperplastic nodules (AHNs) is important for the early and precise detection of hepatocellular carcinoma in the cirrhotic liver. For this purpose, the authors compared findings on magnetic resonance (MR) images of surgically resected AHNs (n = 7) with those of hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 47).(More)
A better understanding of the hepatic metabolic pathways affected by fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) would help develop nutritional support and other nonsurgical medical therapies for FHF. We used an isolated perfused liver system in combination with a mass-balance model of hepatic intermediary metabolism to generate a comprehensive map of metabolic(More)
GPA1 protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is homologous to the alpha subunit of mammalian G protein. GPA1 transcript was found in haploid cells but was not detected in diploid cells. Disruption of GPA1 resulted in a haploid-specific lethal phenotype, indicating that GPA1 is a haploid-specific essential gene for cell growth. Upon regulation of expression of(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae CDC7 encodes a serine/threonine kinase required for G(1)/S transition, and its related kinases are present in fission yeast as well as in higher eukaryotes, including humans. Kinase activity of Cdc7 protein depends on the regulatory subunit, Dbf4, which also interacts with replication origins. We have identified him1(+) from(More)
It is well demonstrated that acute or chronic stress leads to reduction of learning ability. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a component of the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria, induces profound physiological and behavioral changes, including fever, decrease in food motivation, and decrease in social behavior. These changes might be interpreted as an(More)