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An avian leukosis virus with a wide host range belonging to a new subgroup for chickens was isolated from meat-type chicken lines. The virus, of which HPRS-103 strain is the prototype, was of low oncogenicity in chickens but appeared to behave like an exogenous leukosis virus. Neutralizing antibodies to the virus were found in three of five meat-type(More)
Subgroup J avian leukosis virus (ALV) is a recently identified avian retrovirus associated with myeloid leukosis in meat-type chickens. The env gene of the HPRS-103 strain of ALV, the prototype of this subgroup, differs considerably from that of other subgroups, but shows close homology to the env-like sequences of members of the EAV family of endogenous(More)
Marek's disease virus (MDV) is an oncogenic alphaherpesvirus that induces T-cell lymphomas in poultry. We report the construction of bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones of the highly oncogenic RB-1B strain by inserting mini-F vector sequences into the U(S)2 locus. MDV reconstituted from two BAC clones induced rapid-onset lymphomas similar to those(More)
A real-time PCR method was developed, optimised and validated, to enable quantitation of Marek's disease virus genomes as copy number per million host cells. The duplex PCR measured the virus meq gene and host ovotransferrin gene in a single reaction enabling correction for differences in amount of sample DNA added. A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC)(More)
Marek's disease virus (MDV) is classified as an oncogenic lymphotropic herpesvirus of chickens. MDV productively and cytolytically infects B, alphabetaT and gammadeltaT lymphocytes and latently infects T-helper lymphocytes. The aims of this study were to identify whether MDV infects macrophages in vivo and, if so, whether quantitative differences in(More)
The existence of novel endogenous retrovirus elements in the chicken genome, designated EAV-HP, with close sequence identity to the env gene of avian leukosis virus (ALV) subgroup J has been reported (L. M. Smith, A. A. Toye, K. Howes, N. Bumstead, L. N. Payne, and K. Venugopal, J. Gen. Virol. 80:261-268, 1999). To resolve the genome structure of these(More)
The coding sequences of VP 2 from a virulent strain, 52/70, of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) were excised from a cDNA clone and inserted into a fowlpox plasmid insertion vector. The resulting plasmid, pIBD 1, was used to construct a recombinant fowlpox virus, fpIBD 1, which expressed VP 2 as a β-galactosidase fusion protein. Chickens vaccinated(More)
The tissue tropism was studied for the HPRS-103 strain of avian leukosis virus, which belongs to a new envelope subgroup, designated J. Studies were conducted in blood monocyte and bone marrow cell cultures and in chickens from six lines that had been shown previously to differ in susceptibility to induction by this virus of myeloid leukosis and other(More)
Avian leukosis virus (ALV) subgroup J is thought to have emerged through a recombination event between an unknown exogenous ALV and the endogenous retrovirus elements designated EAV-HP. All EAV-HP elements identified to date in the chicken genome show large deletions, including that of the entire pol gene. Here we report the identification of four(More)
The HPRS-103 strain of avian retrovirus is the prototype of subgroup J avian leukosis virus (ALV-J) and causes myeloid leukosis in meat-type chickens. Using immunohistochemical detection of the viral groupspecific antigen (Gag) we have previously demonstrated that the induction of myeloid leukosis by ALV-J is associated with viral tropism for myelomonocytic(More)