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Exploration and exploitation have emerged as the twin concepts underpinning organizational adaptation research, yet some central issues related to them remain ambiguous. We address four related questions here: What do exploration and exploitation mean? Are they two ends of a continuum or orthogonal to each other? How should organizations achieve balance(More)
The decade of the nineties witnessed a significant increase in business-level strategy research relating to the competitive actions and reactions carried out among competing firms. Rooted in the Schumpter' theory of creative destruction, this work has examined causes and consequences of firm-level action and reaction, such as new product introductions,(More)
This study integrated concepts from upper echelons, group process and social cognition theories to investigate how demographic diversity and group processes influence strategic consensus within the top management team (TMT), where strategic consensus is defined as the degree to which individual mental models of strategy overlap. Data from 76 high-technology(More)
Special Issue Purpose The aim of this special issue is to develop theory and empirical evidence about whether and why competitive advantages may be becoming less sustainable and how organizations can successfully compete using a series of temporary or dynamic competitive advantages. We believe an important outcome of the special issue would be an enhanced(More)
The process by which firm founders create new organizations is of considerable interest to evolutionary theorists and entrepreneurship researchers. In this paper we track the life histories of 225 new ventures initiated in the first nine months of 1998 by a random sample of Swedish firm founders. We explore the effect of the choice and order of firm(More)
Reconfigurable computing technology offers leap ahead performance, e.g. 10X ops per watt and/or ops per cubic inch, over general purpose programmable solutions without the need to develop custom hardware. However, today generation of a working implementation requires hardware design expertise and generation of a good implementation requires many slow(More)
There is much activity in the database research community on managing semistructured data but little experience to date in applying this research to substantial problems. This paper describes an effort to assess the applicability of this technology to organizations with large quantities of semistructured (and structured) information. We consider the issue(More)
My thanks to the editors for providing this opportunity and to Dick Nelson for his comments and contributions – all along the way. I am also indebted to Mie Augier, who interviewed me on some of the history recounted here and thereby provided a helpful prod to my memory, well in advance of this particular undertaking. Financial support from the Reginald H.(More)
Improved situation awareness is a key enabler of better emergency preparedness and response (EP&R). This paper describes two important challenges: information interoperability and provenance. The former enables meaningful information exchange across separately developed systems, while the latter gives users context that helps them interpret shared(More)