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The question of whether hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA is translated by a mechanism of internal ribosome entry has been examined by testing whether insertion of HCV sequences between the two cistrons of a dicistronic mRNA promotes translation of the downstream cistron in rabbit reticulocyte lysates. Deletion analysis showed that efficient internal initiation(More)
A potent and selective series of 2-amino-3,5-diarylbenzamide inhibitors of IKK-alpha and IKK-beta is described. The most potent compounds are 8h, 8r and 8v, with IKK-beta inhibitory potencies of pIC(50) 7.0, 6.8 and 6.8, respectively. The series has excellent selectivity, both within the IKK family over IKK-epsilon, and across a wide variety of kinase(More)
Since its characterization in 1995, there has been increasing interest in the significance of GB virus B (GBV-B) due to its close phylogenetic relationship to hepatitis C virus (HCV). The genome of GBV-B is similar in length and organization to that of HCV and the two viruses share sequence similarity in their 5' untranslated regions (5'UTR). A secondary(More)
Rapidly replicating, cytopathic (rr/cpe+) variants of hepatitis A virus (HAV) isolated from persistently infected BS-C-1 cells have numerous mutations from cell culture-adapted rr/cpe- HAV. To determine which mutations in one rr/cpe+ virus, HM175/18f, determine enhanced replication in BS-C-1 cells, a series of chimeric viruses was rescued from infectious(More)
We recently reported the enhanced immunogenicity of a peptide epitope when it was presented as a fusion protein with hepatitis B core antigen. In those experiments the fusion protein was expressed in vaccinia virus. We have now refined the system so that large amounts of highly immunogenic particles can be produced using a simple bacterial expression(More)
A replication-defective recombinant adenovirus (RAd), RAdCMV-CE1, containing core and E1 genes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) was constructed. RAdCMV-CE1 was able to express core and E1 proteins both in mice and human cells. Immunization of BALB/c mice with RAdCMV-CE1 induced a specific cytotoxic T-cell response against the two HCV proteins. This response was(More)
A subgenomic cDNA clone from hepatitis A virus strain HM175, composed of the last eight nucleotides of the 5' non-translated region and the first 2248 nucleotides of the coding sequence (P1 region), was inserted into a vector under the control of the T7 promoter. Restriction enzyme digestion at sites within the structural region and subsequent transcription(More)
The immunogenicity of a 19 amino acid peptide from foot-and-mouth disease virus has previously been shown to approach that of the inactivated virus from which it was derived after multimeric particulate presentation as an N-terminal fusion with hepatitis B core antigen. In this report we demonstrate that rhinovirus peptide-hepatitis B core antigen fusion(More)
The non-structural protein NS3 of hepatitis C virus has been expressed in bacteria as a polyhistidine fusion protein which can be produced in a soluble form and easily purified by affinity chromatography. Using an in vitro transcription and translation system we have been able to demonstrate that this protein can proteolytically process substrate molecules(More)
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