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BACKGROUND Patients with acute pulmonary edema often have marked hypertension but, after reduction of the blood pressure, have a normal left ventricular ejection fraction (> or =0.50). However, the pulmonary edema may not have resulted from isolated diastolic dysfunction but, instead, may be due to transient systolic dysfunction, acute mitral regurgitation,(More)
In this prospective trial, intraoperative 2-dimensional (2-D) and 3-dimensional (3-D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) examinations were performed on 60 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac valve surgery. Both 2-D (including color flow and Doppler data) and 3-D images were reviewed by blinded observers, and major valvular morphologic findings(More)
This report describes three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic findings in three consecutive patients with discrete subaortic stenosis. The discrete subaortic stenosis lesions included a circumferential, a remnant crescent, and a broken fibrotic subaortic membrane. The lesions were best imaged by using a three-dimensional transesophageal(More)
BACKGROUND A direct and accurate method of assessing aortic valve area (AVA) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) is desirable because of the well-known theoretical and practical limitations of the currently available methods. We assessed the clinical feasibility and accuracy of a novel index, the 3-dimensional surface area (3-DSA) of the aortic valve(More)
Visualisation is becoming increasingly important for understanding information, such as investigative data (for example: computing, medical and crime scene evidence) and analysis (for example, network capability assessment, data file reconstruction and planning scenarios). Investigative data visualisation is used to reconstruct a scene or item and is used(More)
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