Ken E. Thummel

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The discovery of expression quantitative trait loci ("eQTLs") can help to unravel genetic contributions to complex traits. We identified genetic determinants of human liver gene expression variation using two independent collections of primary tissue profiled with Agilent (n = 206) and Illumina (n = 60) expression arrays and Illumina SNP genotyping (550K),(More)
Dimethylformamide (DMF) is an industrial solvent with hepatotoxic properties. The toxicity of DMF has been associated with its metabolism to S-(N-methylcarbamoyl)glutathione (SMG). The major urinary metabolite of DMF is N-(hydroxymethyl)-N-methylformamide (HMMF). HMMF undergoes oxidation in the formyl moiety, possibly via the intermediacy of its hydrolysis(More)
Alkylformamides, for example N-methylformamide, are hepatotoxic in rodents and humans. The mechanism by which N-methylformamide exerts its hepatotoxicity involves metabolic oxidation at the formyl moiety to yield a short-lived intermediate, perhaps methyl isocyanate, which reacts with glutathione to afford S-(N-methylcarbamoyl)glutathione. The hypothesis(More)
Renal function generally is assessed by measurement of GFR and urinary albumin excretion. Other intrinsic kidney functions, such as proximal tubular secretion, typically are not quantified. Tubular secretion of solutes is more efficient than glomerular filtration and a major mechanism for renal drug elimination, suggesting important clinical consequences of(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to evaluate the evidence on the prevalence of cytochrome P450 enzyme polymorphisms as potential genetic factors influencing drug efficacy and safety in the indigenous populations of the American hemispheres. METHODS We conducted a systematic review of studies published between 1985 and 2006 using the Pubmed database.(More)
Theophylline, enriched with the stable isotopes13C and15N, was administered intravenously in a dose of 10 mg to 8 healthy men following single (200 mg) and multiple (200 mg 8-hourly for 5 days) oral dose administration of aminophylline. Total plasma clearance, volume of distribution, and half-time determined from the intravenous data were similar,(More)
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