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BACKGROUND Accumulating evidence shows that chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, it is not known whether mild renal insufficiency affects long-term clinical outcomes. METHODS This is a post-hoc analysis from the(More)
BACKGROUND The ESTABLISH trial found using volumetric intravascular ultrasound that atorvastatin therapy started early and continued for 6 months significantly reduced plaque volume in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the benefits of early statin administration on long-term outcomes remain unclear. We therefore examined whether the(More)
PURPOSE Many trials have shown that calcium channel blockers (CCBs) can reduce the cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The mechanisms of this effect could be associated with plaque regression due to the anti-atherosclerotic properties of CCBs. The goal of this study is to determine the effects of CCB on volumetric(More)
Aspirin has been shown to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, its effects on long-term (over 10 years) mortality have not been fully elucidated. This retrospective study recorded the patient characteristics and admission medication for all patients undergoing PCI over an 8-year period(More)
BACKGROUND Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a novel prognostic marker that reflects oxidative stress and chronic inflammation in patients with cardiovascular disease. Diabetes mellitus increases oxidative stress and vascular inflammation, which accelerate atherosclerosis. However, the relationship between RDW and long-term outcome in diabetic(More)
There often exists a "one-to-many" relationship between a transcription factor and a multitude of binding sites throughout the genome. It is commonly assumed that transcription factor binding motifs remain largely static over the course of evolution because changes in binding specificity can alter the interactions with potentially hundreds of sites across(More)
BACKGROUND LR11 (also so called SorLA or SORL1) is a novel marker of intimal smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation. Vascular SMCs play important roles in the development of atherosclerosis interacting with macrophages in a vulnerable plaque of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).The present study determines whether soluble LR11 (sLR11) is(More)
The association between the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) and metabolic syndrome (MS) as defined by recently proposed criteria remains unknown. Therefore, we investigated the association between the severity of CAD and MS based on four sets of criteria. The frequency of MS and the severity of CAD determined using the Gensini score (GS) were(More)
BACKGROUND The platelet activator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) has recently been identified as an ingredient in oxidized LDL and it has been isolated from atherosclerotic plaques. The lysophospholipase D activity of autotaxin produces LPA extracellularly from lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). The present study determines whether circulating LPA is associated(More)